Appendix: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
The Greco-Roman Claudius Galen, c. 130-200 AD, one of the most eminent physicians of his age and a prolific writer with around 600 treatises on medicine, anatomy, physiology, logic and philosophy, about a third of which remain. Wikipedia states that "Galen continued to exert an important influence over the theory and practice of medicine until the mid seventeenth century in the Byzantine and Arabic worlds and Europe." Eventually certain limitations of Galen's work were demonstrated to have arisen as a result of the fact that he based his conclusions on monkey anatomy (human dissection was not permitted) but nevertheless in the history of medicine he is clearly one of the most significant scholars of the ancient world. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names, Wikipedia)
Don Ignacio Mariano Martinez de Galinsoga (1766-1797), Spanish botanist, physician in Madrid, founder and Superintendent of the Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid and founder of the Spanish Real Academia Nacional de Medicina, and at one time physician to the Queen Consort of Spain Maria Luisa of Parma, wife of King Charles IV. He was the author of Demostración mecánica de las enfermedades que produce el uso de las cotillas published in 1784 which was about "the health hazards inherent in the wearing of corsets." The Spanish botanists Hipólito Ruiz López and José Antonio Pavon published the genus Galinsoga in the Asteraceae in 1794. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names; Flora of Australia Online; Wikipedia)
  Galpinia,   Galpinii
Ernest Edward Galpin (1858-1941), a South African botanist and banker. He left some 16,000 herbarium specimen sheets to the National Herbarium in Pretoria which formed the nucleus of its collection, and he was called "the Prince of Collectors" by none other than General Jan Smuts. Galpin discovered half a dozen genera and many hundreds of new species. Numerous species are named after him and his farm called 'Mosdene' is commemorated in the genus Mosdenia. He sent many specimens to botanists such as Harry Bolus, John Medley Wood and Peter MacOwan. His wife was the botanical artist Marie Elizabeth de Jongh who was an outstanding mountaineer who loved the veld and had a keen eye for new species. A life member of the Linnean Society, Vol. 13 of Flowering Plants of South Africa was dedicated to him. He introduced many indigenous plants to the horticultural world including such popular garden plants as Bauhinia galpinii, Cyrthanthus galpinii, Kleinia galpinii, Kniphofia galpinii, Streptocarpus galpinii and Watsonia galpinii. The genus Galpinia in the Lythraceae was named by British botanist Nicholas Edward Brown in 1894. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names; Wikipedia;
Possibly for Michel (Abbé) Gandoger (1850-1926), French botanist and mycologist who assembled a herbarium of 800,000 specimens now kept at the Faculty of Lyon, notorious for having published thousands of species that are no longer accepted.
  Garcinia,   Garcinii
Laurent Garcin (1683-1752), French-born Dutch army physician, botanist and naturalist of the Dutch East India Company, plant collector for Herman Boerhaave, and for García de Orta (1501/1502-1568/1570), Portuguese physician and naturalist, pioneer of tropical medicine. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
  Gaudichaudianus,   Gaudichaudii
Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré (1789-1854), a French botanist, who served as a botanist on a circumglobal expedition from 1817-1820, and is known for his collections in Australia. (Hugh Clarke)
John Bellenden Ker (originally John Gawler) (1764-1842), botanist and author on diverse topics from archaeology to nursery rhymes, an Iridaceae specialist. He changed his name to Ker Bellenden but continued to use the name Bellenden Ker until his death. His father's name was John Gawler, but his maternal grandfather was the Baron Bellenden. He was granted the license to take the name Ker Bellenden by King George III. His son followed his example and went by the name Charles Henry Bellenden Ker. He was the author of Recensio Plantarum and Iridearum Genera, and was the first editor of the magazine The Botanical Register. From 1828 on he was more involved with archeological matters and with his interest in nursery rhymes. He is commemorated with Moraea gawleri. (Dictionary of National Biography)
(Ch, HC)
Usually reported as honoring Theodorus Gaza (1398-1478), a great Greek classical scholar and humanist of the Renaissance, one of the leaders of the revival of learning in the 15th century, whose patrons included the Este family, Pope Nicholas V, and Cardinal Bessarion, professor of Greek at the University of Ferrara, translator of Aristotle and of the botanical works of Theophrastus, notably the Historia Plantarum, from Greek into Latin, and a man much respected by his contemporaries but even more so by succeeding generations. This may in fact be the derivation, or it may be some other derivation that is not from a personal name. (PlantzAfrica, CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names, Wikipedia, Catholic Encyclopedia)
Coert Johannes Geldenhuys (1946- ), South African forest officer engaged in research on management of indigenous forests.
Traugott Gerber (1710-1743), a German medical doctor and naturalist, and the curator of the oldest botaTraugott Gerber (1710-1743), a German (Silesian) medical doctor, botanist and naturalist, son of a Lutheran ptriest, and the Curator of the oldest botanical garden in Moscow called the Moscow Physic Garden. He travelled extensively in Russia, headed some expeditions to search for medicinal plants in the Volga, Don and Black Sea regions between 1739-1741, accompanied the Russian Army as a doctor to Finland, was the author of Dissertationem physicam de Plantarum transpiratione, and was a close friend of Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, who published the genus Gerbera in the Asteraceae in 1758. Based on his travels in 1739 and 1741, he compiled three regional floras, Flora mosquensis, Flora volgensis, and Flora tanaecensis. He lectured in anatomy at the Medical Institute and was a surgeon there. He died at the young age of 33. Some sources also include his brother, a Fr. Gerber who collected plants in the West Indies, in the commemoration. He was also commemorated with the former taxon Arnica gerbera, which is now synonymized to Gerbera linnaei. One source that I found (a Russian website) says that Gerber was a colleague of Dutch botanist Jan Frederik Gronovius. Gronovius apparently was the first one to name the genus Gerbera in 1737, but according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, scientific plant names published before 1 May 1753 are not considered truly promulgated, so Linnaeus' publication is considered to be the valid one. (PlantzAfrica;; JSTOR) nical garden in Moscow. Many sites also include his brother, a Fr. Gerber who collected plants in the West Indies, in the commemoration. In spite of extensive investigations, no link or reason has been found for the choice of their name for the genus. (PlantzAfrica) One source I found (a Russian website) says that Gerber was a colleague of Gronovius.
  Gesneria,   Gesneriaceae
Conrad von Gesner, a naturalist and scholar of Zurich of 16th c.
Wilhelm Friedrich von Gleichen-Russworm (Russwurm) (1717-1783), sometimes recorded as Wilhelm Friedrich von Gleichen, German botanist and microscopist interested in natural history, physics and chemistry, author of some fanciful works about the origin of the earth. The genus Gleichenia in the was published in 1793 by British botanist and founder of the Linnean Society James Edward Smith. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
See ‘Daphne’
There were three Gorgons, called Stheno, Euryale and Medusa, all daughters of two sea-gods, Phorcys and Ceto. Only the last of them, Medusa, was mortal; the other two were immortal. These three monsters lived in the far West, not far from the kingdom of the dead. Their heads were entwined with snakes; they had huge tusks, like those of a boar, hands of bronze, and golden wings which enabled them to fly.
David de Gorter (1717-1783), Dutch botanist, physician, plant collector, professor of medicine who studied medicine with Linnaeus, physician of the empress Elizabeth the Great of Russia, and author of one of the first floras to use Linnaeus' form of binomial nomenclature, Flora Belgica (1767). The commemoration is possibly also for his father, the physician Johannes de Gorter (1689-1762). (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
Dr. J.F.K. Grimm (1737-1821), German botanist and physician to the Duke of Saxe-Gotha. He translated the works of Hippocrates in 4 vols. The genus Grimmia in the Grimmiaceae was originally named by German botanist Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart and published by his fellow countryman the botanist Johann Hedwig in 1801. (Bryophyte Flora of North America)
Michael (Mikael) Grubb (af Grubbens) (1728-1808), Swedish botanist, minerologist, banker and merchant, traveller and botanical collector at the Cape who purchased specimens of dried plants at the Cape and gave them to Prof. Peter Jonas Bergius, former pupil of Linnaeus, who published the genus Grubbia in the Grubbiaceae in 1767. He was elected a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences in 1767, but later expelled. He was Director of the Swedish East India Company. He went to China for the first time in 1749 and stayed in Canton for a couple of years. He was several times declared to be bankrupt due to shady business dealings. Regrettably, it was later revealed that much of the collection that he had presented to Bergius had actually been collected by the German gardener and botanical collector Johann Andreas Auge and had been purchased by Grubb. Bergius used much of this collection in his Descriptiones plantarum, his only major work, and referred in glowing terms to Grubb when he dedicated the book to him and named the genus in his honor. It was only later when Carl Peter Thunberg published his Travels at the Cape of Good Hope that the truth came out. (Gunn & Codd)
  Gunnera,    Gunneracae
Johan Ernst Gunnerus (1718-1773), Norwegian clergyman and botanist, Bishop of Trondheim, Norway, and founder of the Trondheim Society which became the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. He was the author of Flora norvegica (1766-1776), and was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was a professor of theology at the University of Copenhagen. The genus Gunnera in the Gunneraceae was published in 1767 by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
  Guthriea,   Guthriei
(1) Francis Guthrie (1831-1899), the South African mathematician and botanist who first posed the Four Color Problem in 1852. At the time, Guthrie was a student of Augustus De Morgan at University College, London. He obtained his B.A. in 1850, and LL.B. in 1852 with first class honours. While coloring a map of the counties of England, he noticed that at least four colors were required so that no two regions sharing a common border were the same color. He postulated that four colors would be sufficient to color any map. This became known as the Four Color Problem, and remained one of the most famous unsolved problems in topology for more than a century, until it was eventually proven in 1976 using a controversial computer-aided proof which was lengthy and inelegant. Guthrie eventually moved to South Africa in 1861 and took up the post of mathematics master at the Graaff-Reinet College. While there he gave some lectures in botany and thus started a life-long friendship with local resident Harry Bolus. He advised Bolus to take up the study of botany to assuage his grief at the loss of his son. When Bolus left for Cape Town a few years later, he persuaded Guthrie to move there as well. For a while he practised at the Bar and edited a newspaper before becoming professor of mathematics at the South African College, which later became the University of Cape Town. He remained there from 1876 until he retired in 1898. When Bolus undertook to do the family of Ericaceae for Flora Capensis, he enlisted Guthrie's aid and they collaborated until Guthrie's death. Before his death, Guthrie had made an extensive collection of the Cape Peninsula flora, which was eventually housed as the Guthrie Herbarium in the University of Cape Town Botany Department, and used for teaching and reference (Delosperma). (Wikipedia); or (2) Miss Louise Guthrie (1879-1966), botanical assistant and artist at the Bolus Herbarium in Cape Town (Oscularia). (Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names)
Miss Louise Guthrie (1879-1966), botanical assistant, taxonomist and artist at the Bolus Herbarium in Cape Town, daughter of Francis Guthrie, commemorated with Cyrtanthus guthrieae, Thamnochortus guthrieae and the former taxon Leucadendron guthrieae, now synonymized to L. gandogeri. (JSTOR)