Species within a genus

Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
SATYRIUM (G, La)
Satyr Orchid(Wf) Trewwa
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
satyros, = satyr; saturus, = satyr; satyrion, = Greek name for an orchid with aphrodisiac properties SATYRS;** -ium, = means 'characteristic of', hence indicates connexion or resemblance. (probably alludes to the two floral spurs, a unique feature of the genus)
(Ox, Co, BL)
Satyrium bicallosum (La)

Location: (F, K)
bis, bi-, = twice, twofold, having two-; callum, = the hard skin or the hard flesh of plants; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. callosus, = with a hard skin, hard-skinned, thick-skinned, callous. (callused (hard and thick in texture) – Thunberg refers to the two short spurs as the two calluses upon which the name is based)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium bicorne (La)
Goue-trewwa(PS) Ouma-trewwa
Location: (F, K)
bis, bi-, = twice, twofold, having two-; cornu, = a hard and generally crooked growth upon the head of many mammiferous animals. bicornis, = having two horns, two-horned. (refers to the typical twin floral spurs found in this genus)
(ld, Co)
Satyrium bracteatum (La)

Location: (F, K)
bractea, brattea, = a thin plate of metal, gold-leaf; thin layers of wood, veneers; (bract) -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. bracteatus, = covered with gold-plate, gilt; shining only externally, gilded, delusive. (having bracts) (refers to the conspicuous bracts of this species)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium candidum (La)
Ruiktrewwa(PS) Wittrewwa
Location: (F)
candeo, = to be brilliant, glittering, to shine, glitter, glisten; -idus, = indicates a state or an action in progress. candidus, = of a shining, dazzling white, white, clear, bright. (refers to the colour of the flowers)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium carneum (La)
Waxy Satyr Orchid(Wf) Rooi Trewwa(PS) Rooikappie
Location: (F, K)
caro, carnis, = flesh; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. carneus, = of flesh. (flesh-coloured) (refers to the pink colour of the flowers)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium coriifolium (La)
Ewwa-trewwa (PS)
Location: (F, K)
corium, = skin, hide, leather; (skin, rind or covering) folium, = a leaf. (refers to the hard leathery leaves)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium foliosum (La)

Location: (K)
folium, = a leaf; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. (leafy - refers to the prominent cauline leaves and bracts)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium hallackii subsp. hallackii

Location: (K)
For Russell Hallack (1824-1903).**
(Ch)
Satyrium humile (La)
Long-spurred Satyr Orchid (Wf)
Location: (F, K)
humus, humi, = the earth, the ground, the soil; on the ground; -ilis, = indicates capacity or ability. Hence a property or quality. humilis, humile, = on the ground, i.e. low, lowly, small, slight; that which is humble, or base, a low station. (low-growing – refers to the leaves,which are usually closely adpressed to the ground)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium ligulatum (La)
Dog-faced Satyr Orchid (Wf)
Location: (F, K)
lingua, = the tongue; -ula, = diminutive; ligula, lingula, = a little tongue, the tongue of a shoe, a shoe trap, shoe-latchet; a spoon or ladle; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. lingulatus, = tongue-shaped, lingulate. (strap-shaped – probably refers to the shape of the bracts or dried elongated tips of the lip)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium liltvedianum (La)

Location: (K)
For Bill Liltved, co-author of The Cape Orchids - A regional monograph of the orchids of the Cape Floristic Region. -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(ga)
Satyrium lupulinium (La)

Location: (F, K)
lupus, = a woolf; -ulus, = diminutive; lupula, = a little she-wolf; a witch, a hag; lupulus, = the hop, a plant Humulus lupulus; -inus, = indicating material or colour, hence possession or resemblance. (resembling a bunch of hops)
(ld, BL, Ox)
Satyrium odorum (La)
Green Satyr Orchid(Wf) Ruiktrewwa(PS) Soet Trewwa
Location: (F, K)
odor, = a smell, scent, odour; particularly a pleasant odour, perfume; (smell of any kind, odour, perfume, stench, fragrance) -orum, = of (genitive plural). odorus, = emitting a scent or odor, odorous; sweet-smelling, fragrant. (refers to the distinctive sweet scent of this orchid)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium pygmaeum (G)

Location: (K)
pygmaios, = about a foot long or tall; the Pigmies, a fabulous race of dwarfs on the upper Nile, said to have been attacked and destroyed by Cranes. (pygmy, dwarf) (dwarfed - probably refers to the very small size of the plant)
(LS, BL, Co)
Satyrium retusum (La)
Ewwa-trewwa (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
retundo, retusus, = to beat or pound back any thing sharp; blunted, blunt, dull; (retuse, terminating in a broad or rounded end with a depression in the centre) (with rounded shallow notched end) (refers to the blunt lip apex)
(ld, BL, Co)
Satyrium rhynchanthum (G)

Location: (F, K)
rugchos, = a snout, muzzle; abeak, bill; rhyncos, = snout, muzzle, beak; rhynch-, rhyncho-, = provided with a snout or beak, i.e. a projecting appendage; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (beaked flower – refers to the elongate, acute tip of the lip)
(LS, BL, Co)
Satyrium stenopetalum subsp. brevicalcaratum (G, La)

Location: (F, K)
stēnos, = narrow, strait; petalos, = spreadout, unfolded, broad, flat. petalon, = a leaf. (in modern botany, petal) (refers to the narrow petals) brevis, = short, little, of small extent; small, narrow; low; brief; calcar, = a spur; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (spured, thus short-spurred; hollow nectar-producing appendage of calyx or corolla) (spured, thus short-spurred)
(ld, BL, Co)