Species within a genus

Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ERICA (G)
Erica(Le) Heather(Wf) Heide Heath
Family: ERICACEAE
ereike, = ereice, = this name was used for heaths by Theophrastus** (372-287 B.C.) and Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23-79); derived from ericein (Greek), pound – (referring to the supposed property of some species to break gall stones). ‘ereike’, = to break, because an infusion of certain heath plants was supposed to break up kidney stones. Name is assigned to Carl Linnaeus, who derived the modern system of naming plants known as binomial nomenclature. In his work ‘Species Plantarum’, published in 1753 he described 23 Erica species, of which 12 were from the Cape of Good Hope.
(M, SK)
Erica aemula (La)

Location: (K)
aemulus, = striving after another earnestly, emulating, rivalling, emulous. (rivalling, more or less equalling) (the derivation is obscure)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica amphigena (G)

Location: (K)
amphi-, = about, around, rounf about, on all sides; genos, = kind, genus. (growing all round an object) (amphnigenos, = of doubtful parentage; probably referring to the species’ similarity to E. spumosa and E, imbricata)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica anguliger (La)

Location: (K)
angulus, = an angle, a corner; gero, = to bear about with one, to bear, carry, wear, have.
(ld)
Erica aristata var. aristata (La)
Tigerhoek Heath(PS) Tygerhoek-heide
Location: (F)
arista, = the awn or beard of grain; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. aristatus, = having ears of corn. (with an awn – referring to the awns at the ends of the leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica articularis var. articularis (La)
Heide(PS)
Location: (F, K)
artus, = a joint; -culus, = diminutive; articulus, = a small member connecting various pars of the body, a joint, knot, knuckle; -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (with joints – referring to the habit)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica axillaris (La)

Location: (F, K)
agxos,(αγχος) = shoulder; ala, axilla, = a wing, as of a bird; in trees and plants, the hollow where the branch unites with the stem. axilla, = the upper angle between a leaf or petiole and the stem from which it springs; -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (referring to the flowers which spring from the axils)
(ld, Ox, BL, LB)
Erica azaleifolia (G, La)

Location: (F, K)
a-, an-, = denotes privative, negative; a-, = without, not, -less, un-; zale, = surge, spray; a storm. azaleas, = dry, parched; folium, = a leaf. (with leaves like a species of Azalea, a menber of the Ericaceae)
(LS, ld, SK)
Erica baccans (La)
Berry Heath(PS)
Location: (F)
baca, bacca, = a small round fruit, a berry; -icans, = indicates possessing or becoming or resemblance sometimes so close as to be almost identical. (berry-like; referring to the shape of the flower)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica banksia subsp. comptonii

Location: (K)
For Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1829).** For Professor Robert Harold Compton (1886-1979).**
(Ch)
Erica banksia subsp. purpurea (La, G)
Tutu Heath (Vo)
Location: (F)
For Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1829).** purpureus, = purple-coloured, purple; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (purple ‘dull red with a slight dash of blue’)
(Ch, LS, ld, BL)
Erica barbigeroides (La)
Bearded Heath (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
barba, = of plants, the wool; the beard, of men; gero, = to bear about with one, to bear, carry, wear, have. barbiger, = wearing a beard, bearded; (bearded); -oides, = like, resembling, having the form or nature of. (referring to the tufts of hair between the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica baueri subsp. baueri
Albertinia White Heath(PS) Albertinia Wit-heide
Location: (F)
For Francis Bauer (1758-1810).**
(Ch)
Erica benthamiana (La)

Location: (K)
For George Bentham (1800-1884)** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(Ch, BL)
Erica bibax (La)
Satin Heath(PS) Sy-heide
Location: (K)
bibo, = to drink. bibax, = given to drink. (referring to the plant’s habit of growing in seepage areas or near streams)
(ld, SK)
Erica borboniifolia (La)

Location: (K)
borbonia, = Reunion Island; folium, = a leaf. (with leaves like those of the genus Borbonia [now Aspalathus borbonifolia], from the South Western Cape)
(BL, ld, SK)
Erica brachialis (G)

Location: (K)
brachus, = short, few, little; brachy-, = short; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (probably referring to the way clusters of flowers are borne on branches at right-angles to the central stem)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica brevifolia (La)

Location: (F, K)
brevis, = short, little, of small extent; small, narrow; low; brief; folium, = a leaf. (short leaves) (referring to the leaves)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica bruniades (La)
Kapokkie(PS)
Location: (K)
brunia, = the genus Bruniae; -ides, = indicates resemblance. (looking like the genus Brunia (at least to Linnaeus))
(BL, Ol)
Erica cabernetea
Red Wine Heath(PS)
Location: (K)
cabernet, = possibly named after the grape cultivar ‘cabernet’ as the flowers are dark red, and the plant is endemic to areas in Grabbouw, a wine growing area.
(ga)
Erica caffra var. caffra (Ar)
Sweet Scented Heath(PS) Water Tree Heath Waterheide
Location: (F, K)
kāfir, = infidel. (term used by early explorers – associated with Southern Africa) (referring to the wide distribution and country of origin)
(Ox, K3, SK)
Erica calycina var periplociflora (G, La)

Location: (K)
calyx, = the cup or calyx of a flower, a flower bud; (covering of a flower or fruit); -inus, = indicateing material or colour, hence possession or resemblance. (belonging to the calyx, with a well developed calyx) (with a well developed calyx; referring to the prominent sepals) periplokos, = enfolded, entangled; flos, floris,= a blossom, flower.
(LS, BL, SK, ld)
Erica campanularis (La)
Botriver Heath(PS)
Location: (K)
campana, = a bell; -ulus, = diminutive; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (bell-shaped; referring to the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica capensis (La)

Location: (K)
cape, = Cape of Good Hope; -ensis, = indicates country or place of growth, or origin or else habitat. (pertaining to the Cape of Good Hope; Cape Peninsula)
(BL)
Erica capillaris var. capillaris (La)

Location: (F, K)
capillus, = the hair, the hair of the head; (while crinis is any hair); (hair, hair’s width, 0.18mm.) -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. capillaris, = of or pertaining to the hair. (referring to the plant’s habit)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica cerinthoides (La)
Fire Heath(PS)
Location: (F, K)
cera, = wax; cerintha, = a plant of which bees are fond, wax-flower; -oides, = like, resembling, having the form or nature of. (referring to the similarity of the flowers and their arrangement in the two species)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica chiroptera (G)

Location: (K)
After Chiron** the physician and botanist. pteron, = a feather, wings; -pterus, = winged.
(ld, LS, BL)
Erica cincta (La)

Location: (K)
cingo, cinctus, = to go round in a circle, to surround, encompass, environ, gird, wreathe, crown; encircle. (referring to the purple band around the throat of the corolla)
(ld, SK)
Erica coccinea subsp. coccinea (La)
Crimson Heath (Wf)
Location: (F, K)
coccinus, = scarlet-coloured; -ineus, = indicates material or colour or close resemblance. (deep red, from scarlet to carmine; referring to the colour form seen by Linnaeus, who named the species in 1753)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica coccinea subsp. uniflora (La)

Location: (F)
coccinus, = scarlet-coloured; -ineus, = indicates material or colour or close resemblance. (deep red, from scarlet to carmine; referring to the colour form seen by Linnaeus, who named the species in 1753) unus, = one, alone,only, sole, single; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (single-flowered)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica collina (La)

Location: (F)
collis, = high ground, a hill; -inus, = indicateing possession or resemblance. collina, = hilly land. (referring to the plant’s habitat)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica comptonii

Location: (K)
Now E. banksia subsp. comptonii
(PS)
Erica corifolia var. corifolia (La)

Location: (F, K)
corium, = skin, hide, leather; (skin, rind or covering) folium, = a leaf. (referring to the leathery leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica corydalis (G)
White Petticoat Heath(PS) Witrokheide
Location: (F, K)
korys, = a helmet, helm, casque; -alis, = belonging or pertaining to. (referring to the shape of the flowers)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica cristata (La)

Location: (F, K)
crista, = a tuft on the head of animals, the comb of a cock; a tuft of leaves on plants; the crest of a helmet, plume; (crest, terminal tuft) -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. cristatus, = that has a tuft or crest, tufted, crested. (comb-like; referring to the combs along the leaf margins)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica cruenta (La)
Crimson Heath(PS) Rooiheide
Location: (F, K)
cruor, = blood (which flows from a wound); cruentus, = spotted, covered, or stained with blood, bloody; blood-red, red. (blood-stained; referring to the blood-red colouring of the flowers)
(ld, SK)
Erica cumuliflora (La)

Location: (F)
cumulus, = heap, pile; flos, floris, = flower. (referring to the grouping of the flowers into heads)
(Ws, SK)
Erica cunoniensis (La)

Location: (K)
For Jan Christiaan Cuno, (1708 – 1780).** -ensis, = indicates country or place of growth or origin or else habitat. (named after the Cape alder, Cunonia capensis, also known as the rooiels; referring to the species’ locality, near Rooi-Els)
(Ch, SK)
Erica curviflora (La)
Grietjielangkarosheide(PS) Water Heath
Location: (F, K)
curvus, = crooked, curved, bent; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the curved tubular flower)
(ld, SK)
Erica curvirostris var. curvirostris (La)
Heuningheide(PS) Honey-scented Heath
Location: (F, K)
curvus, = crooked, curved, bent; rostrum, = the bill or beak of a bird; the snout, muzzle, mouth of animals; of objects having a similar shape, the curved point of a ……; (referring to the curved style, although this is not a distinguishing character)
(ld, SK)
Erica cygnea (La)

Location: (K)
cycnus, cygnus, =the swan; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (relatin to swans, curved suddenly downwards like a swan’s neck) (referring to the curve, like a swan’s neck, in the flowering branch just below the flower head)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica desmantha var. urceolata (G)

Location: (F, K)
desmos, = a band, bond, fetter; desma, = band, bundle; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (referring to the bunched arrangement of the flowers) urceus,= a pitcher, water-pot, ewer; -olus, = diminutive. urceolus, = a little pitcher or water-pot; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (pitcher-, vase- or urn-shaped, i.e. hollow, more or less rounded and distinctly contracted at the mouth, with the limb of the corolla small; same as campanulate, but more contracted at the orifice, with an erect limb)
(LS, BL, SK, ld)
Erica discolor (La)

Location: (F, K)
dif-¸dis-, = asunder, in pieces, apart, in two, in different directions; color, = colour, hue, tint. discolor, = of another colour, not of the same colour. (not of the same colour, variegated) (referring to the the two-toned colour of the flower)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica distorta (La)
Heide(PS)
Location: (K)
distorqueo, distortus, = to turn different ways, to twist, distort. (twisted; referrng to the plant’s habit)
(ld, SK)
Erica duthieae

Location: (K)
For Dr. Augusta Vera Duthie (1881-1963)**
(Ch)
Erica ecklonii

Location: (F)
For Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795-1868).**
(Ch)
Erica equisetifolia (La)
Bush Heath (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
equus,= a horse; equinus, = of or belonging to horses; saeta, seta, = a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; of the spiny leaves of coniferous trees; equisaetum, equisetum, = the plant horse-tail. folium, = a leaf. (with leaves like the genus EQUISETUM, (Horsetails))
(ld, Ol)
Erica ericoides (La)
Honey Heath (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
ERICA (q.v.); -oides, = like, resembling, having the form or nature of. (heather-like) (formerly Blaeria ericoides)
(BL, SK)
Erica eriocephala (G)

Location: (K)
erion, = wool; cephale, = head; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with.
(LS, BL)
Erica excavata (La)

Location: (F)
excavo, = to hollow out; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. excavatio, = a hollowing out. (hollowed out in a curve, e.g. at insertion of leaf, or as a deep pit) (referring to the round notches between the lobes of the corolla)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica exleeana (La)

Location: (F, K)
ex, = from, out of; lee, = after James Lee (1715 – 1795);** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names. (This species of Erica was formerly Philippia leeana. When Ted Oliver sunk the genus Philippia into Erica, he renamed this species ‘exleeana’; rather neat!)
(BL, Ch, LB)
Erica extrusa (La)

Location: (K)
extrudo, extrusus, = to thrust out or forth,to drive out, drive away. (pushed out) (referring to the bulges or grooves at the base of the corolla)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica fascicularis var. fascicularis (La)
Sticky Heath(PS) Taai Heide Volstruis-heath
Location: (F, K)
fascio, = to envelop with bands, to swathe; -culus, = diminutive; fasciculus, = a small bundle, packet; a bunch of flowers, nosegay; -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. fascicularia, = things carried in bundles (as wood, hay etc.) (fascicle, clustered, grouped together) (referring to the arrangement of the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica fastigiata coventryana x macowanii lanceolata (La)

Location: (F)
fatigo, fastigium, = to make pointed, to sharpen to a point, to raise or bring to a point; sloping to a point; high, exalted; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. fastigatus, = high, exalted. (fastigiate, with branches clustered, parallel and erect, giving a narrow elongated habit, with branches reaching to the same height) (referring to the arrangement of the branches) Coventry; -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names. Dr. Peter MacOwan (1830-1909).** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names. lancea, = a light spear; -olus, = diminutive; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. lanceolatus, = armed with a little lance or point, lanceolated, lanceolate. (armed with a lance or spearpoint, as used by all authors represents a comparatively narrow shape with curved sides tapering to a pointed end) (a natural hybrid)
(ld, BL, SK, Ch, LB)
Erica fastigiata, var. coventryi (La)
Hendrick's Heath(Vo)
Location: (F, K)
fatigo, fastigium, = to make pointed, to sharpen to a point, to raise or bring to a point; sloping to a point; high, exalted; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. fastigatus, = high, exalted. (fastigiate, with branches clustered, parallel and erect, giving a narrow elongated habit, with branches reaching to the same height) (referring to the arrangement of the branches) Of Coventry/
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica fervida [Now E. pillansii] (La)

Location: (K)
ferveo, fervo, = to be boiling hot, to boil, ferment, glow; to come forth in great numbers; -idus, = indicates a state or action in progress (‘-ish’); fervidus, = glowing hot, burning, fiery, glowing. (referring to the dark red colour of the flowers)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica filiformis var. filiformis (La)

Location: (F, K)
filum, fili-, = a thread; forma, = form, contour, figure, shape, appearance. (thread-shaped; slender like a thread; as the filaments of most plants, and the styles of many) (with thread-like form referring to the wiry branches)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica foliacea subsp. foliacea (La)

Location: (K)
folium, = a leaf. -aceus, = indicates resemblance. foliaceus, = leafy, like leaves. (referring to the very leafy branches)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica galpinii

Location: (F)
For Ernest Edward Galpin (1858-1941).**
(Ch)
Erica genistifolia (G, La)

Location: (K)
geneis, = the edge of an axe, an axe, pickaxe, mattock; genesta, genista, = the broom-plant, broom; (also the genus GENISTA); folium, = a leaf. (referring to the similarity between the leaves of this species and those of the genus Genista, to which the broom species belong)
(LS, ld, Ol)
Erica georgica (G)

Location: (K)
george, = the town George; -icus, = indicates ‘belonging to’. (deriving from the George district)
(Ol, BL)
Erica glabella subsp. laevis (La)
laevis()
Location: (F)
glaber, glabra, glabellus, = without hair, smooth, bald; (glabrous; smooth, hairless) -ellus, = diminutive. laevis, levis, = smooth, smoothed, not rough (opposite of asper, rough); (smooth, free from unevenness, hairs or roughness)
(ld, BL)
Erica glabripes (La)

Location: (K)
glaber, glabra, = without hair, smooth, bald; (glabrous; smooth, hairless) pes, pedis, = a foot; the stalk or pedicle of a fruit, especially of the grape. (a foot-like part or organ, peduncle)
(ld, BL)
Erica globiceps subsp. consors (La, G)

Location: (F, K)
globus, = a round body, a ball, sphere, globe; (a round body, ball, globe, sphere) caput, -ceps, = of things; the head, top, summit, point, end, extremity. consors, = a sharer, partner. (sharing property in common, sharer, partner, colleague, comrade)
(ld, BL, Ox)
Erica gnaphaloides (G)

Location: (F, K)
Called after the genus GNAPHALIUM (Asteraceae) from the Cape; gnapheion, knaphos = .the prickly teasel, used by fullers to card or clean cloth; gnapholon, = flock of wool;resemblance to downy plant used for stuffing cushions. -ōidēs, = like, resembling, having the form or nature of.
(Ol, LS, Le, BL)
Erica guthriei var. guthriei

Location: (K)
For (1) Francis Guthrie (1831-1899),and (2) Miss Louise Guthrie (1879-1966)**.
(Ch)
Erica gysbertii var. gysbertii
Flask Heath()
Location: (K)
For Gysbert Grisbrook.**
(Ch)
Erica hermani

Location: (F)
Named for the town Hermanus; -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(LB, BL)
Erica hispidula var. hispidula (La)

Location: (F, K)
hispidus, = rough, shaggy, hairy, bristly, prickly; -idus, = indicates a state or action in progress (‘-ish’). (hispid, covered with coarse rigid erect hairs or bristles harsh to the touch) -ulus, diminutive. (with short bristly hairs) (hispid; referring to the hairiness of the leaves and stems)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica holosericea var. holosericea (G, La)

Location: (F, K)
(h)olos, = whole, entire, complete, whole, undivided; (entire, complete, whole, undivided) Sēres, = a people of Eastern Asia, (the modern Chinese), celebrated for their silken fabrics; -eus, =indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. Sericus, = of or belonging to the Seres, Seric; silken. sericeus, = sereceous, i.e silky with long straight close pressed glossy hairs. holosericus, = all os silk. (silky; referring to the vegetative parts of the plant)
(LS, BL, ld, SK)
Erica humidicola (La)

Location: (K)
(h)umidus, = moist, humid, damp, dank, wet; -cola, = dweller (used only in compound words, as in agricola, = countryman).
(ld, BL)
Erica imbricata (La)
Raasheide(PS) Rinkals Heath Witkarkar
Location: (F, K)
imber, = rain, shower of rain; imbrex, = a hollow tile, gutter tile, pantile (used in roofs for the purpose of leading off the rain); -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. imbricatim, = in the form of a gutter-tile. (when parts lie over each other in regular order, like tiles upon the roof of a house) (referring to the bracts and sepals)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica intervallaris var. intervallaris (La)

Location: (F, K)
inter, = between, betwixt, among, amid, surrounded by; (between, among, in the midst of, surrounded by, during) valles, vallis, = a valley, vale. inter-vallum, = the open space within the mound or breastwork of a camp, the space between two palisades; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (possibly referring to the spaces between the flowering branchlets)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica intonsa (La)

Location: (K)
in- = denotes tendency or progression towards; not quite; tonsus, = the cut or mode of dressing the hair, coiffure. (shaven, i.e. having become glabrous) (unshaven, hence bristly, shaggy) intonsus, = unshorn. (referring to the hariness of the leaves, bracts and sepals which give the plant an untidy appearance)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica ioniana
Small Nodding Heath (Vo)
Location: (F)
For Ion James Muirhead Williams (1912-2001);** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(Ch, BL)
Erica irbyana

Location: (F)
Possibly for William Henry Irby (1750-1830);** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(SK, BL)
Erica irregularis (La)

Location: (F)
in-, ir-, = in, into, for, contrary; regula, = a straight piece of wood, ruler, rule; a pattern, model, example; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (irregular) (referring to the arrangement of the flowers)
(BL, ld, SK)
Erica kogelbergensis (La)
Hard Heath(LB)
Location: (K)
kogelberg, = Koegelberg; -ensis, = indicates country or place of growth or origin or else habitat.
(BL)
Erica krugeri

Location: (K)
For Frederick John Kruger (1944- ).**
(Ch)
Erica labialis (La)

Location: (F, K)
labia, = a lip; -alis, = belonging or pertaining to. (referring to the two-lipped (-lobed) corolla)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica laeta (Oe)

Location: (F, K)
laetus, = joyful, cheerful, glad, gay, joyous, rejoicing, pleased, delighted, full of joy; joyous in appearance, delightful, pleasing, beautiful. (cheerful, pleasant, bright)
(ld, Ol)
Erica laevigata var. laevigata (La)

Location: (K)
laevis, levis, = smooth, smoothed, not rough (opposite of asper, rough); (smooth, free from unevenness, hairs or roughness) -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. levigatus, laevigatus, = smooth, slippery. (smooth and polished)
(ld, BL)
Erica lananthera (La)

Location: (K)
lana, = wool; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. antherike, = a stalk. (anthera, = anther) (referring to the distinctive wooly ‘beard’ on the anther)
(ld, LS, BL, Ol)
Erica lanuginosa (La)

Location: (F)
lana, = wool; lanugo, = woolliness, down, of plants; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. lanuginosus, = woolly, downy. (woolly, downy) (with woolly down; referring to the hairy covering o the sepals and corolla)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica lateralis (La)
Button Heath(PS)
Location: (K)
latus, latere, = on or at the side or flanks; (lateral) -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. lateralis, = of or belonging to the side, lateral. (referring tothe arrangement of the flowers)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica latituba (La)

Location: (F)
latus, lati-, = broad, wide; (broad, wide) tubus, = a pipe, tube.
(ld, BL)
Erica leucotrachela subsp. leucotrachela (G)

Location: (K)
leucos, = white, gray, hoary; trachelos, = the throat, neck. (referring to the colour of the corolla lobes)
(LS, Ol)
Erica longiaristata (La)

Location: (F)
longus, = long; arista, = the awn or beard of grain; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. aristatus, = having ears of corn. (with an awn; referring to the very long appendages on the anthers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica longifolia var. amplicata [Now E. vestita] (La)

Location: (K)
longus, = long; folium, = a leaf. (long leaves) (with long leaves) amplio, = to make wider, to extend, enlarge, increase, amplify; -atus, = indicates an action made or done.
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica longifolia [Now E. vestita] (La)

Location: (K)
longus, = long; folium, = a leaf. (long leaves) (with long leaves)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica lowryensis var. lowryensis (La)

Location: (K)
Sir Lowry's Pass, Stellenbosch District; -ensis, = indicates country or place of growth or origin or else habitat. (named for the type locality at Sir Lowry's Pass, Stellenbosch District)
(Ch)
Erica lutea (La)
Geelrysheide(PS)
Location: (F, K)
lutum, = a plant used in dyeing yellow, yellow-weed, dyer’s weed, weld; a yellow colour, yellow; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. luteus, = golden-yellow, saffron-yellow, orange-yellow. (referring to the colour of the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica lycopodiastrum (G, La)

Location: (K)
lukos, = wolf; pous, podos, = a foot; -astrum, = indicates inferiority or incomplete resemblance, hence often applied to the wild equivalent of a cultivated plant.
(LS, BL)
Erica macowanii subsp. lanceolata (La)

Location: (F, K)
Dr. Peter MacOwan (1830-1909).** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names. lancea, = a light spear; -olus, = diminutive; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. lanceolatus, = armed with a little lance or point, lanceolated, lanceolate. (armed with a lance or spearpoint, as used by all authors represents a comparatively narrow shape with curved sides tapering to a pointed end)
(Ch, ld, BL)
Erica macroloma (G)

Location: (K)
makros, = far stretching; tall, lofty, much; (long, large, great) loma, = the hem or border of a robe. (hem, fringe, border) (referring to the long and spreading lobes of the corolla)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica mammosa (La)
Groenheide(PS) Nipple Heath Rooiklossie Heath Spinnekopvoete
Location: (F, K)
mamma, = a breast; a teat, dug of animals; a protubertance on the bark of a tree; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. mammosus, = having large breasts, full-breasted; full, protuberant. (having large breasts, resembling a large nipple) (referring to the shape of the flowers, which supposedly resemble a cow’s teats)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica massonii var. minor (La)
Houwhoek Heath(PS)
Location: (F, K)
For Francis Masson (1741-1805).** parvus, = little, small, petty, puny, inconsiderable. minor, = less, lesser, smaller, inferior. minimus, =, very small, very little; least, smallest. (smaller, inferior, lesser)
(Ch, ld, BL)
Erica melastoma subsp. melastoma (G)

Location: (F, K)
melas, = black, dark, gloomy, dusky, murky; stoma, = mouth, also the whole face. (stoma, opening (mouth, minute opening) (referring to the black stomas on the leaves) (an allusion to the fact that the fruit of some species blackens the mouth when eaten*) (*not likely in this case)
(BL, Ox, LB)
Erica melastoma subsp. minor (G, La)

Location: (F)
melas, = black, dark, gloomy, dusky, murky; stoma, = mouth, also the whole face. (stoma, opening (mouth, minute opening) (referring to the black stomas on the leaves) (an allusion to the fact that the fruit of some species blackens the mouth when eaten) (*not likely in this case) parvus, = little, small, petty, puny, inconsiderable. minor, = less, lesser, smaller, inferior. minimus, =, very small, very little; least, smallest. (smaller, inferior, lesser)
(LS, Ox, LB, ld, BL)
Erica monadelphia (G)

Location: (F, K)
monos, = alone, only; (alone, solitary) adelphos, = a brother. (with filaments or stamens united in one) (the anthers are closely adpressed but do eventually separate like most other ericas)
(LS, BL, Ol)
Erica multiflexuosa (La)

Location: (K)
multus, = much, great, many; flexus, = a bending, turning, winding. -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development.
(ld, BL)
Erica multumbellifera (La)
Bead Heath (Wf)
Location: (F, K)
multus, = much, great, many; (much, often, frequently greatly) umbra, = a shade, shadow; the dark part of a painting, shade, shadow; -ellus, diminutive. umbella, = (metonymically, a little shadow), a sunshade, parasol, umbrella. (umbellate) fero, ferre, = to bear, carry, bring. (referring to the numerous umbels of flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica muscosa (La)
Mossy-she-cup (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
muscus, = moss; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. muscosus, = full of moss, mossy; mossily. (mossy, moss-like) (referring to the sticky nature of the plant)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica nana (La)

Location: (K)
nanus, = a dwarf; (small) (referring to the plant’s low, spreading habit)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica nivea (La)

Location: (K)
nix, nivis, = snow; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. niveus, = of or from snow, snowy, snow-; snow-white, snowy. (snowy, snow-white) (snowy, snow-white; referring to the colour of the corolla)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica notholeeana (G)

Location: (K)
nothos, = illegitimate, spurious, counterfeit, adulterated; notho-, = false-. Used in coining generic names indicating close but incomplete agreement. lee, = after James Lee (1715 – 1795);** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(LS, BL, Ch)
Erica nudiflora (La)
Heide(PS)
Location: (F, K)
nudus, = naked, bare, unclothed, uncovered, exposed; (naked, i.e. devoid of leaves or some other clothing, lacking usual covering, bare) flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the smoothness of the flowers compared with the hairiness of the rest of the plant)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica obliqua (La)
Oblique Heath (Vo)
Location: (F, K)
obliquus, oblicus, = sidelong, slanting, awry, oblique. (when the degree of inequality of the two sides is slight; and when the margin points to the heavens, the apex to the horizon) (oblique – slanting sideways; probably referring to the way in which the flowers lean over)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica obtusata (La)

Location: (F, K)
obtundo, obtudi, obtusus, = to blunt, weaken, make dull, deprive of strength; blunted, blunt, dull, weak, faint, powerless; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (blunt, obtuse, rounded) (refering to the shape of the anthers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica oreophila (G)

Location: (K)
oros, = a mountain, hill; a range or chain of hills; oreos, = of the mountain; Oreias, Oreas, was a mountain nymph, Oread. philios, = loving, friendly, kind.
(LS, BL, ld)
Erica pageana (La)

Location: (K)
For Mary Maud Page (1867-1925).** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(Ch, BL)
Erica palliiflora (La)

Location: (K)
pallium, = a covering, cover, a coverlet, a pall; a Greek cloak or mantle; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the way the sepals enclose the corolla)
(ld, Ol)
Erica parviflora var. parviflora (La)

Location: (F, K)
parvus, = little, small, petty, puny, inconsiderable. minor, = less, lesser, smaller, inferior. minimus, =, very small, very little; least, smallest. (little, small, puny) flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the small flowers)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica patersonia
Mealie Heath(PS) Mielie-heide
Location: (K)
1) Lieutenant William Paterson (1755-1810); (2) William Hugh ("Meester") Paterson (1873-1963).**
(Ch)
Erica paucifolia subsp. paucifolia (La)

Location: (K)
paucus, pauci, = few, a few, little; folium, = a leaf. (few-leaved)
(ld, BL)
Erica perspicua subsp. latifolia (La)
Prince of Wales(Sw) Six-penny Heath(Vo) Ninepenny Heath
Location: (F, K)
pperspicuus, = transparent, clear. (referring to the translucent nature of the flower) latus, lati-, = broad, wide; (broad, wide) folium, = a leaf. (broad-leaved)
(ld, SK, BL)
Erica perspicua subsp. perspicua (La)
Prince of Wales Heath(PS) Veer Heide
Location: (K)
perspicuus, = transparent, clear. (referring to the translucent nature of the flower)
(ld, SK)
Erica petiolaris (La)

Location: (F)
petiolus, = a little foot, little leg; a stem or stalk of the fruit / leaf; -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (relating to a petiole (the leaf stalk); all ericas have a petiole, but this species has them especially long)
(ld, Ox, BL, Ol)
Erica petrophila (G)

Location: (F, K)
petros, = a piece of rock, stone; philios, = loving, friendly, kind. (referring to the plant’s habit of growing in rock crevices)
(LS, SK)
Erica pillansii subsp. fervida

Location: (K)
For Mr. Neville Stuart Pillans (1884-1964).** ferveo, fervo, = to be boiling hot, to boil, ferment, glow; to come forth in great numbers; -idus, = indicates a state or action in progress (‘-ish’); fervidus, = glowing hot, burning, fiery, glowing. (referring to the dark red colour of the flowers)
(Ch, ld, BL, Ol)
Erica pinea (La)

Location: (K)
pinus, = a pine, pine-tree; a fir, fir-tree; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (referring to the similarityof the branches and leaves to those of the pine tree)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica placentiflora (La)
Klokkiesheide(PS) Turban-flowered Heath
Location: (F, K)
placenta, = a cake; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the flattened shape of the corolla, resembling a cake)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica placentiflora x imbricata (La)

Location: (F)
placenta, = a cake; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the flattened shape of the corolla, resembling a cake) imber, = rain, shower of rain; imbrex, = a hollow tile, gutter tile, pantile (used in roofs for the purpose of leading off the rain); -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. imbricatim, = in the form of a gutter-tile. (when parts lie over each other in regular order, like tiles upon the roof of a house) (referring to the bracts and sepals)
(ld, SK, BL)
Erica plukenetii subsp. penicellata (La)
Hangertjie (Sw)
Location: (F)
For Leonard Plukenet (1641-1706).** penicillus, = a painter’s brush or pencil; -cellus, -cillus = diminutive; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (shaped like a a pencil or an artist’s camel-hair brush; brush-like tuft of hairs) (anthers are brush-like, tuft of hairs)
(Ch, ld, BL, LB)
Erica plukenetii subsp. plukenetii
Coat Hanger Heath(Wf) Hangertjies(PS) Klipheide
Location: (F, K)
For Leonard Plukenet (1641-1706).**
(Ch)
Erica plumigera (La)

Location: (K)
pluma, = a small, soft feather; fine, soft feathers, down; gero, = to bear about with one, to bear, carry, wear, have. (referring to the appearance of the plant)
(ld, Ol)
Erica pogonanthera (G)

Location: (F)
pogon, = the beard; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. antherike, = a stalk. (anthera, = anther) (referring to the ‘beard’ on the anthers)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica porteri

Location: (K)
For Harold Nixon Porter (1883-1958).**
(Ch)
Erica puberuliflora (La)

Location: (F)
pubes, = the signs of manhood, the hair which appears on the body at the age of puberty; (downy) -ulus, = diminutive; (minutely pubescent, downy with very short soft hairs) flos, floris, = a blossom, flower.
(ld, BL)
Erica pulchella var, pulchella (La)
Pink Rattle Heath (Wf)
Location: (F, K)
pulcher, = pulcher, pulchrum, = beautiful, beauteous, fair, handsome; -ella, = diminutive. pulchellus, pulcellus, = beautiful little. (beautiful and little)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica pycnantha (G)

Location: (K)
pycnos, = thick, close-packed, dense, crowded; anthos, = flower. (referring to the habit)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica quadrangularis (La)
Baby-heath(PS)
Location: (F, K)
quattuor, quad-, = four; angulus, = an angle, a corner; quadangulus, = four cornered, quadrangular. -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (four-angled) (referring to the shape of the flower)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica retorta (La)
Bottle Heath(PS)
Location: (K)
retorqueo, retortum, = twisted or bent back. (referring to the leaves which are bent backwards along the branch)
(ld, Ol)
Erica rhopalantha var. rhopalantha (G)

Location: (F, K)
rhopalon, = a club, a stick or cudgel, whichis thicker at the one end; (club- or cudgel) anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (referring to the shape of the flower)
(LS, BL, SK)
Erica rigidula (La)

Location: (K)
rigeo, rigens, = to be stiff, stiffen; (stiff, rigid, unbendable) -idus, = indicates a state or an action in progress; rigidus, = stiff, hard, inflexible, rigid; -ulus, = diminutive.
(ld, BL)
Erica rubiginosa var rubiginosa (La)

Location: (F)
robigo, rubigo, = rust, blight, mildew, smut, mouldiness; -inis, = indicates possession or resemblance. -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. robiginosus, rubiginosus, = rusty. (reddish-brown or rust coloured; referring to the colour of the branches)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica saxicola (La)

Location: (K)
saxum, = any large, rough stone, a detached fragment of rock; -cola, = dweller (used only in compound words, as in agricola, = countryman). (referring to the plant’s habitat)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica serrata (La)
Hard Heath (LB)
Location: (F, K)
serra, = a saw; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. serratus,= saw shaped, serrated. (serrate, i.e. saw-edged with sharp teeth pointing forwards, as opposed to ‘retroserratus’, with teeth pointing backward) (referring to the serrated edges of the leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica serratifolia var. subnuda [Now E. kogelbergensis] (La)
Hard Heath (LB)
Location: (K)
serra, = a saw; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness; serratus,= saw shaped, serrated. (serrate, i.e. saw-edged with sharp teeth pointing forwards, as opposed to ‘retroserratus’, with teeth pointing backward) folium, = a leaf. (leaves are notched, serrated) (referring to the serrated edges of the leaves) sub, = under, below, beneath, underneath; a little, somewhat, rather, slightly; (below, under, approaching, almost, somewhat, not completely, a little) nudus, = naked, bare, unclothed, uncovered, exposed; (naked, i.e. devoid of leaves or some other clothing, lacking usual covering, bare)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica sessiliflora (La)
Bottlebrush Heath(Wf) Groenheide(PS) White Bottlebrush-heath
Location: (F, K)
sedeo, sedi, sessum, = to sit; -ilis, = indicates capacity or ability. Hence a property or quality. sessilis, = of or belonging to sitting, fit for sitting upon. (sessile, stalkless, or apparently so, sitting close upon the body that supports it) flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (with sessile flowers) (referring to the very short pedicels making the flowers appear sessile)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica setacea (La)

Location: (K)
saeta, seta, = a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; of the spiny leaves of coniferous trees; (a bristle, bristle-like organ, as the fruit-stalk of a (sporophore) moss) -aceus, = indicates resemblance. (referring to the very hairy leaves and branches)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica sexfaria (La)
Ker-ker Heath(PS) Raasheide
Location: (K)
sex, = six; -farius, = -ranked, in a row. (in six rows, six-ranked)
(ld, BL)
Erica similis (La)

Location: (F, K)
similis, = like, resembling, similar. (was originally Syndesmanthus similis; probably so named because of its similarity to other species of Syndesmanthus)
(ld, LB)
Erica sitiens (La)

Location: (K)
sitio, sitiens, = to thirst; be thirsty; to be dried up, or parched, to want moisture; dry, parched, arid, without moisture. (referring to the fact that the plants do not grow in seepage areas)
(ld, Ol)
Erica sonderiana (La)

Location: (K)
For Otto W. Sonder (1812 – 1881);** -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names.
(Ch, BL)
Erica spumosa (La)
Frothy Heath(PS) Swartbekkie
Location: (F, K)
spuma, = foam, froth, scum, spume; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. spumosus, = full of foam, foaming. (referring to the foam-like flower heads)
(ld, SK)
Erica stokoei

Location: (K)
For Thomas Pearson Stokoe (1868-1959).**
(Ch)
Erica subdivaricata (La)

Location: (F, K)
sub, = under, below, beneath, underneath; a little, somewhat, rather, slightly; (below, under, approaching, almost, somewhat, not completely, a little) divarico, = to spread asunder, to stretch apart; to be spread out; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (divaricate; spreading asunder at a wide angle; turning off from any thing irregularly but at almost a right angle; as the branches of many things) (referring to the somewhat sprawling habit)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica suffulta (La)

Location: (F)
suffulcio, suffultus, = to prop underneath; to underprop, prop up, support.
(ld, BL)
Erica tenax [Now Erica thomae] (La)

Location: (K)
tenax,= holding fast,griping, tenacious. (holding fast, tough ( as opposed to fragilis)) (referring to the very sticky nature of the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica tenella var. gracilior (La)

Location: (F)
tenuis, = thin, slight, slender, slim, meagre, lean; simple, plain, unadorned; (thin, fine, slender) -ella, = diminutive. tenellus, = somewhat tender or delicate. (delicate) (referring to the apperance of the plant as a whole) gracilis, gracilus, = thin, slight, slender, slim, meagre, lean; simple, plain, unadorned; -ior, = (comparative), rather.
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica tenella var. tenella (La)

Location: (F, K)
tenuis, = thin, slight, slender, slim, meagre, lean; simple, plain, unadorned; (thin, fine, slender) -ella, = diminutive. (delicate) tenellus, = somewhat tender or delicate. (referring to the apperance of the plant as a whole)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica tenuifolia (La)
Rys-heath(PS) White Heath Witrysheide
Location: (F, K)
tenuis, = thin, slight, slender, slim, meagre, lean; simple, plain, unadorned; (thin, fine, slender) folium, = a leaf. (referring to the plant’s small, thin leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica thomae

Location: (K)
After Thomas Pearson Stokoe (1868-1959).**
(Ol)
Erica transparens (La)
Reukheide(PS) Sweet Scented Heath
Location: (K)
trans-, = across, over, beyond, on the farther side of; through; pareo, parreo, parens, = to come forth, appear, be visible, show one’s self; to be present or at hand. (transparent; referring to the flowers)
(ld, Ol)
Erica trichroma var trichroma (G)

Location: (K)
tri-, = three time, thrice; chroma, = the colour of the skin; the complexion. (referring to the fancied three colours of the corolla)
(LS, Ol)
Erica triflora var. triflora (G, La)
Bearded Tree Erica(PS)
Location: (K)
tri-, = three times, thrice; flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. (referring to the regular arrangement of the flowers)
(LS, ld, Ol)
Erica tristis (La)
Cape Tree Erica(PS)
Location: (F, K)
tristis,= sad, sorrowful, mournful, dejected, melancholy, disconsolate, trist; gloomy, melancholy, stern, harsh. (sad, dull coloured)
(ld, BL)
Erica truncata (La)

Location: (K)
truncus, = maimed, mutilated, deprived of some of its parts; imperfect or wanting in their parts; a piece cut off; a trunk or stem; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (truncate; ending abruptly as if cut straight across)
(ld, BL)
Erica turbiniflora var. aristata [Now E. capensis] (La)

Location: (K)
turbo, turben, = that which spins, or twirls round; a top, a reel, whirl, spindle; (turbinate, top-shaped, obconical) flos, floris, = a blossom, flower. turbineus,= shaped like a top, cone-shaped. arista, = the awn or beard of grain; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. aristatus, = having ears of corn.
(ld, BL)
Erica urceolata (La)

Location: (F, K)
urceus,= a pitcher, water-pot, ewer; -olus, = diminutive. urceolus, = a little pitcher or water-pot; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness. (pitcher-, vase- or urn-shaped, i.e. hollow, more or less rounded and distinctly contracted at the mouth, with the limb of the corolla small; same as campanulate, but more contracted at the orifice, with an erect limb) (referring to the corolla)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica utriculosa (La)

Location: (F, K)
uter, = a bag or bottle made of an animal’s hide or a skin for wine, oil, water, etc.; -culus, = diminutive; utriculus, = of plants, a bud or calycle of a flower, a hull or husk of grain; -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. (bladder-like) (bladder-like; referring to the shape of the leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica vallis-aranearum (La)

Location: (K)
valles, vallis, = a valley, vale. aranea, = a spider; a spider’s web, cobweb; -arum, = meaning ‘of’. (spider’s nest – referring to the type locality; Spinnekopsnes)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica velitaris var. velitaris (La)

Location: (K)
veles, = a kind of light armed soldier, a skirmisher; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. velitaris, = of or belonging to the velites. (belonging to the lightly armed troops who used javelins; referring to the very narrow leaves)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica vestita (La)
Trembling Heath(PS) Tril-heide Wide-mouthed Heath
Location: (K)
vestitus, = clothing, clothes, dress, apparel, raiment, attire, vesture. (clothed) (referring to the dense covering of leaves along most of the branches)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica villosa (La)
Kapokkie(PS)
Location: (F)
villus, = shaggy hair, a tuft of hair; (long weak hairs) -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. villosus, = hairy, shaggy, rough. (villous, i.e. shaggy with fairly long soft straight not interwoven ascending hairs) (shaggy; referring to thehairines of the flowers)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica viscaria subsp. longifolia (La)

Location: (F, K)
viscum, = the mistletoe (bird-lime made from the berries of the mistletoe); -arius, = indicates connexion or possession. (sticky; referring to the slightly sticky flowers) longus, = long; folium, = a leaf. (long leaves)
(ld, BL, SK)
Erica viscaria subsp. macrosepala (La, G)
Langblaar heide (Vo)
Location: (F)
viscum, = the mistletoe (bird-lime made from the berries of the mistletoe); -arius, = indicates connexion or possession. (sticky; referring to the slightly sticky flowers) makros, = far stretching; tall, lofty, much; (long, large, great) sepalum, = sepal.
(ld, BL, Ol, LS, Ox)
Erica viscaria subsp. pustulata (La)

Location: (F)
viviscum, = the mistletoe (bird-lime made from the berries of the mistletoe); -arius, = indicates connexion or possession. (sticky; referring to the slightly sticky flowers) pustula, = a blister, pimple, pustule; (pustule, low projection like a blister or pimple) -atus, = indicates possession or likenes. pustulatus, = blistered. (having pustules)
(ld, BL, Ol)
Erica williamsiorum (La)

Location: (F)
For Ion James Muirhead Williams (1912-2001).** -orum, = ‘of’.
(Ch, LB, BL)