Genera within a family

Family: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
IRIDACEAE (La)
Iris Family(Wf)
Iris, the daughter of Thaumas and Electra; on both her paternal and maternal sides she was descended from Oceanus. She was the personification of the rainbow and more generally of the relationship between heaven and earth, and between gods and men, which the rainbow represents. She was most often shown with wings, dressed in thin silk, which in sunlight had the colours of the rainbow. So Iris, in her thousand-coloured mantle, / A rainbow through the sky, sought out the place / Under the cloud, the royal home of sleep ... / The Maiden Goddess / Entered, using her hands to part the dreams, / To clear her way, and the shining of her garments / Brightened the holy home, and the god saw her / And, her instruction given, Iris left him,... / For all too soon the magic spell of slumber / Was stealing through her limbs, and she soared upward / Along the rainbow arch she had descended./ From Ovid’s Metamorphoses (Translation by Rolfe Humphries.)
(PG, RW)
ARISTEA (G, La)
Aristea(Le) Blousuurkanol
aristos, aristo-, = best of its kind. aristeia, = the prize of the bravest. -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (aristos, best, noblest or aristeia, excellence or prize to the best and bravest)
(LS, ld, BL, Le)
BABIANA
Babiana(Le) Bobbejaantjie
Generic name is an anglicised version - "Babianer" - of the Afrikaans 'bobbejane'. Vernacular Dutch 'baviaantjie', or its Cape corruption 'bobbejaantjie' for small baboons. (baboons are partial to the corms).
(M, Le)
BOBARTIA
Rush Iris (Wf) Rush Lily(Le) Blombiesie
For Jacob Bobart (1599-1680), and his son, Jacob Bobart the Younger (1641-1719)**.
(Ch)
CHASMANTHE (G)
Cobra Lily(Le) Kapelpypie
khasma, = a yawning hollow, a chasm, gulf; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (shape of the corolla)
(LS, Le)
FERRARIA
Spider Iris (Wf) Spider Lily(Le) Spinnekopblom
For Giovanni Battista Ferrari (1584-1655).**
(Ch)
FREESIA
Freesia(Le) Kammetjie
For Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese (1795-1876).**
(Ch)
GEISSORHIZA (G)
Wine Cup (Wf) Satin Flower(Le) Sysie
geisson, = anything projecting so as to shelter, the eaves of a roof, the cornice, coping; the hem of a garment; rhiza, = a root. (regular overlapping of the corm tunics in some species)
(LS, Le)
GLADIOLUS (La)
Gladiolus(Le) Afrikaner Pypie
gladius, = a sword; -olus, = diminutive. gladiolus, = a small sword. (a small sword; shape of the leaves)
(ld, BL, Le)
HESPERANTHA (G)
Hesperantha(Le) Aandblom
Hesperus, = the spirit of the evening star, said to be the son or brother of Atlas. (evening) anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (flowers of many species open towards evening)
(Pg, BL, LS, Le)
IXIA (G)
Ixia(Le) Kalossie
Ixia is a name in Greek and Latin for a plant also called CHAMELION (also meaning an inconstant or variable person), a kind of thistle yielding an acrid resin. ixia, = name of a plant noted for its variability of colour. Ixion**, was a Thessalian king, who ruled over the Lapiths. ixos, = mistletoe, viscum, birdlime. (viscous sap)
(Ox, M, PG, LS, Le)
KLATTIA
Kwasbos(Le)
For Friedrich Wilhelm Klatt (1825-1897).**
(Ch)
LAPEIROUSIA
Lapeirusia(Le) Cabong
For Philippe Picot de Lapeyrouse (Lapeirouse) Baron de Bazus (1744-1818).**
(Ch)
MICRANTHUS (G)
Comb Flower(Le) Vleiblommetjie
mikros, = little, small; petty, mean, trivial insignificant; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (small-flowered)
(LS, BL)
MORAEA
Moraea(Le) Uintjie
Named after Dr Johan Moraeus,** and not Robert More, squire of Shrewsbury in the 18th century.
(Ch)
For Neville Pillans (1884 - 1964).**
(Ch)
ROMULEA
Romulea(Le) Frutang Knikkertjie
After the legendary Romulus.** (The genus is represented in Italy)
(Ch, Le)
SPARAXIS (G)
Sparaxis(Le) Cape Buttercup Fluweeltjie
sparasso, = to tear or rend in pieces, mangle; to rend, cleave, attack savagely. (lacerated bracts)
(LS, Le)
THEREIANTHUS (G, La)
Somerpypie (Le)
thereios, = of or belonging to summer, in summer; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (summer-flowering)
(LS, K3)
TRITONIA (La)
Tritonia(Le) Basterkalkoentjie
After Triton;** -ium, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. Triton, = weathercock; (variable positions of the stamens)
(BL, Le)
TRITONIOPSIS (La)
Snake Flower (Le)
TRITONIA (q.v.) -opsis, = aspect, appearance, hence 'resemblance'.
(BL)
WATSONIA
Watsonia(Le) Kanolpypie
Named by Philip Miller for his friend Sir William Watson (1715 - 1787).**
(Ch)
WITSENIA
Bokmakierie's Tail(Le) Bokmakieriestert
For Nicholaas (Nicolaes) Witsen (1641 – 1717).**
(Ch, Cl)
For James Niven (1776-1827).**
(Ch)