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Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
TARCHONANTHUS (G)
Kamferhout(Le) Vaalbos
Family: ASTERACEAE
tarichos, = anything preserved or embalmed; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (possibly because of the camphorous odour of the leaves)
(LS, Le)
TEEDIA
Lilac Berry (Le)
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
For Johann Georg Teede (fl.1896).**
(Ch)
TENAXIA (La)

Family: POACEAE
tenax,= holding fast,griping, tenacious. (holding fast, tough ( as opposed to fragilis))
(ld, BL)
ttephros, = ashes, ashes of the funeral pile; -ius, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connexion or resemblance. (grey colour of the leaves of many species)
(LS, BL, Le)
TETRAGONIA (G)
Kinkelbos(Le) Klapperbrak (Wf) Dewbush
Family: AIZOACEAE
tetros, = four; gony, = the knee (angled, angular; knee, node (of grass) -ius, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connexion or resemblance. (shape of the fruit)
(LS, BL, Le)
tetros, = four; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (the first described species of this genus had its floral parts in fours)
(LS, BL, Le)
thameios, = crowded, close, thick; -inus, = indicating material or colour, hence possession or resemblance. phyllon, = a leaf.
(LS, BL)
thamnos, = a bush, shrub; khortos, = grass, hay. (branched sterile branches)
(LS, Le)
THELYPTERIS (G)
Marsh Ferns (Le)
Family: THELYPTERIDACEAE
thelus , thelea, thele, = female; a teat, nipple; pteron, = a feather, wings; pteron, = a feather, wings; -is, = indicates a close connection. pteris, = fern.
(LS, BL, Ro)
THEMEDA (Ar)

Family: POACEAE
Arabic name for grass.
(Le)
THEREIANTHUS (G, La)
Somerpypie (Le)
Family: IRIDACEAE
thereios, = of or belonging to summer, in summer; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower. (summer-flowering)
(LS, K3)
THESIUM, (q.v.); -idium, = diminutive. (the little Thesium)
(BL, M)
thes, = a serf or villain, who is bound to the soil; a hired labourer. (mean apperance of the plants) thesion, = a species of flax (Plin.)
(LS, Le, Ca)
THINOPYRUM (La, G)
Coastal Wheat Grass (Le)
Family: POACEAE
this, thinos, = a heap of sand on the beach; hence, the beach, shore, strand; pyros, = wheat. From pyr, = fire; because of its flame colour when ripe.
(LS)
TODEA
Grape Fern (Le)
Family: OSMUNDACEAE
For Heinrich Julius Tode (1733-1797).**
(Ch)
TORILIS (G)
Hedge Parsley (Le)
Family: APIACEAE
ttoreo, = to bore, pierce; -ilis, = indicates capacity or ability, hence a property or quality.
(LS, BL)
TRACHYANDRA (G)
Starlily (Wf) Cape Spinach(Le) Wildeblomkool
Family: ASPHODELACEAE
trachys, = rough, rugged aner, andrus, = man, of a man. aner, andros, = male, stamen. (filaments are usually hairy)
(LS, BL, Le)
For Alexander Johann August Treichel (1837-1901).**
(K3)
tri-, = three times, thrice; tri-bolos, = three-pointed, three-pronged; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’. (three-pointed lemmas in the type species)
(LS, BL, Le)
TRIBULUS (G)
Dubbeltjedoring (Le)
Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
tri-, = three times, thrice; tribolos, = three-pointed, three-pronged (spines of the fruit)
(LS, Le)
TRICHOCEPHALUS (G)
Dogface(Le) Hondegesig (Wf) Dogflower
Family: RHAMNACEAE
trikhome, = the general name for any outgrowth of the epidermis or superficial tissue of a plant, as hairs, scales, prickles etc.; cephale, = head; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (hairy inflorescence heads)
(Ox, LS, BL, Le)
TRICHOGYNE (G)
Naaldebos (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
thrix, = the hair both of man and beast; sheep’s wool. trich-, tricho-, = hairy or hair-like; gyne, = a woman, female; (female or pertaining to female organs) -gynous, = having female organs or pistils. (with hairy ovary)
(LS, BL, Ox)
TRIFOLIUM (G, La)
Wild Clover (Le)
Family: FABACEAE
tri-, = three times, thrice; folium, = a leaf. (leaves are trifoliate)
(LS, Ws, Le)
tri-, = three times, thrice; glochin, = any projecting point, the point of an arrow. (three-fid stigma)
(LS, Le)
TRIPTERIS (G)
Bitou(Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
tri-, = three time, thrice; -pterus, = winged.
(LS, BL)
TRITONIA (La)
Tritonia(Le) Basterkalkoentjie
Family: IRIDACEAE
After Triton;** -ium, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. Triton, = weathercock; (variable positions of the stamens)
(BL, Le)
TRITONIOPSIS (La)
Snake Flower (Le)
Family: IRIDACEAE
TRITONIA (q.v.) -opsis, = aspect, appearance, hence 'resemblance'.
(BL)
TULBAGHIA
Wild Garlic(Le) Wilde Knoflok
Family: ALLIACEAE
Named by Linnaeus in honour of Ryk Tulbagh (1699-1771).**
(Ch)
TYPHA (G)
Bullrush(Le) Papkuil (Ox) Cat's tail
Family: TYPHACEAE
typhos, = marsh. (habitat where it grows) typhos, = a furious storm, hurricane. typhe, = cat’s tail.
(Le, LS)