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Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
SALSOLA (La, It)
Saltwort (Le)
Family: CHENOPODIACEAE
sal, = salt. salio, salsus, = to salt dawn, to salt; salted, salt; salsum, = brackish or salty place; -olus, = diminutive; (found on sea-coasts and salt-impregnated soils) (habitat of the plant)
(ld, BL, Ox, Le)
SALTERA
Cape Fellwort(Le) Vliëebos
Family: PENAEACEAE
For Terence Macleane Salter (1883-1969).**
(K3)
SALVIA (La)
Sage(Le) Salie
Family: LAMIACEAE
salvus, salve, = well, in good health, in good condition or circumstances; salvia, = the herb sage. -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (healing or medicinal properties of some species)
(ld, BL, Le)
SAMOLUS (La)
Brookweed(Le) Water Pimpernel
Family: THEOPHRASTACEAE
samōlus, = (Pliny) said to be a Celtic word; - A plant said to have been used in ancient Druidical ceremonies; adopted (by Linnaeus) as the name of a genus of plants belonging to the order Primulaceae. samolus, = a plant, supposed to be the Anemone pulsatilla, but according to Sprengel, the Samolus valerandi; or brook-weed.
(Ox, ld)
sarkikos, = of flesh, fleshy, of the flesh; sarc-, sarco-, = flesh-, fleshy; cornu, = a hard and generally crooked growth upon the head of many mammiferous animals. (appearance of the stems)
(LS, BL, ld, Le)
SATYRIUM (G, La)
Satyr Orchid(Wf) Trewwa
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
satyros, = satyr; saturus, = satyr; satyrion, = Greek name for an orchid with aphrodisiac properties SATYRS;** -ium, = means 'characteristic of', hence indicates connexion or resemblance. (probably alludes to the two floral spurs, a unique feature of the genus)
(Ox, Co, BL)
SCABIOSA (La)
Scabious (Le)
Family: DIPSACACEAE
scaber, scabrum, = rough, scurfy, scabrous; scabby, mangy, itchy. (scabrous, i.e. rough or gritty to the touch on account of numerous minute projections) -osus, = indicates abundance or full or marked development. scabiosus, = rough, scurfy, scabby, mangy. (distinctly scabrous) (plants used as remedies for the ‘itch’?) [scurf = flakes of dead skin, scales] (apparently some species were used for relief from scabies)
(ld, BL, J, BB)
SCHIZAEA (G)
Curly Grass or Cockscomb Ferns (Le)
Family: SCHIZAEACEAE
schiz, schizo, = to split, cleave. (split, cleft, deeply divided) -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (referring to the two-ranked spikes of sporangia)
(LS, BL, Le)
SCHIZODIUM (G)
Wire Orchid(Le) Kapotjie
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
schiz, schizo, = to split, cleave. (split, cleft, deeply divided) -odium, = resembling, having the form or nature of. (having a split appearance – refers to the bifid petals)
(LS, BL, Co)
schoinos, = a rush; plektos, = plaited, twisted, twined.
(LS)
schoinos, = a rush; xiphos, = sword. (swordlike rush)
(LS, BL, Le)
schoinos, = a rush.
(LS)
SEARSIA (was RHUS)
Karee(Le) Taaibos Korentebos
Family: ANACARDIACEAE
Apparently named for Paul Bigelow Sears (1891-1990).** [The name 'karee' is rather loosely applied to several species of Searsia. It is a literal translation from the original Khoi name. The small rounded edible fruits give many species the names rosyntjiebos or - boom (raisin bush / -tree).]
(Ch)
SEBAEA
Yellowwort(Le) Naeltjiesblom
Family: GENTIANACEAE
For Albert Seba (1665-1736).**
(K3)
Derived from the Arabic name of Secamone aegyptica, “squamona”. squama, = scale (of a fish, serpent); sqamosus, = full uf or covered with scales, scaly, squamous.
(Le, ld)
SELAGINELLA (La)
Spikemosses (Le)
Family: SELAGINELLACEAE
selago, = the club-moss resembling the savin-tree, Lycopodium selago; (SELAGO (q.v.)) (a name for medicinally-used juniper) (the small leaves give members of this genus a superficial resemblance to the club moss) -inus, = indicates possession or likeness. -ellus, = diminutive.
(ld, Le, M, BL)
SELAGO (La)
Bitter Bush(Le) Aarbossie
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
selago, = the club-moss resembling the savin-tree, Lycopodium selago; (An ancient name for the club moss, the small leaves give members of this genus a superficial resemblance to the club moss) Ancient name for LYCOPODIUM (q.v.). Linnaeus thought there to be a likeness between leaves of these taxa.
(ld, M, Le)
sema,= a sign, mark, token,; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness; phyllon, = a leaf. (the destinctive alar cells typically found on the leaf base)
(LS, BL, Cl)
SENECIO (La)
Groundsel(Le) Ragwort Hongerblom
Family: ASTERACEAE
senex, = old, aged, advanced in years; an aged person, an old man, old woman; -ius, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connexion or resemblance. (whitish grey, hoary pappus)
(ld, BL, Le)
Seriphus, = A small and unimportant island, one of the Cyclades, now Seriphos. seriph, = old French, obscure origin. One of the fine cross-strokes used at the top or bottom of a letter. seriphium, = derived from seriph, a stroke or line of a letter.
(BL, Ox)
SERRURIA
Spiderhead(Le) Spinnekopbos
Family: PROTEACEAE
For Joseph (Josephus) Serrurier (1663 - 1742).**
(Ch)
SETARIA (La)
Bristle Grass(Le)
Family: POACEAE
saeta, seta, = a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; of the spiny leaves of coniferous trees; (a bristle, bristle-like organ, as the fruit-stalk of a (sporophore) moss) -arius, = indicates connexion or possession. (referring to bristles surrounding spikelets)
(ld, BL, Le)
sideros, = iron; xylon, = a stick or piece of wood. (wood, timber, log) (the hard wood)
(LS, BL, Le)
SILENE (G, La)
Catchfly(Le) Campion
Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Σέίληνός, Silenus,** = the tutor and constant attendant of Bacchus; represented a baldhead, with short horns and a flat nose, as drunken, lascivious, and mounted on an ass. sialon, = spittle, foam from the mouth,saliva, slava. (sticky secretion of stems which entrap small insects)
(ld, LS, Le)
siphon, = a reed, straw, any tube; (tube, pipe) codon, = a bell. (shape of corolla tube)
(LS, BL, Le)
SIPHULA (G)
Lichen()
Family: SIPHULACEAE
siphon, = a reed, straw, any tube; (tube, pipe) -ula, = diminutive.
(LS, BL)
SKIATOPHYTUM (G)
Platblaarvygie(Le)
Family: AIZOACEAE
skia, = a shadow, shade; phyton, = a plant, tree. (preferred habitat)
(LS, Le)
SOLANUM (La)
Nightshade (Le)
Family: SOLANACEAE
sol, = the sun; -anus, = belonging to, connected with, pertaining to, used to form adjectives from nouns, particularly from geographical and personal names. solanum, = a plant called also strychnos, nightshade; (that deadly plant is a member of this genus) Perhaps from solamen, soothing narcotic properties of some species.
(ld, BL, M, Le)
SONCHUS (La)
Sow-thistle (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
sonchus, = the herb sow-thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) (Linnaeus), from Greek ‘sonchos’.
(ld, Le)
For Otto W. Sonder (1812 - 1881);** thamnos, = bush, shrub.
(Ch, LS)
SOROCEPHALUS (G)
Powderpuff Protea (Le)
Family: PROTEACEAE
soros, = a heap, quantitym store, moounfd of earth; (heap, mound) cephale, = head; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (flowers are in clusters)
(LS, BL, Le)
soror, = a sister; the Muses; a female friend, playmate or companion; vetus, = old; of long-standing, aged.
(ld)
SPARAXIS (G)
Sparaxis(Le) Cape Buttercup Fluweeltjie
Family: IRIDACEAE
sparasso, = to tear or rend in pieces, mangle; to rend, cleave, attack savagely. (lacerated bracts)
(LS, Le)
SPARRMANNIA
Cape Hollyhock (Le)
Family: TILIACEAE
For Anders Erikson Sparrmann (1748-1820).**
(Ch)
SPATALLA (G)
Fuzzy Buds (Le)
Family: PROTEACEAE
spatalos, = wanton, riotous; (pollen-presenter which acts as a male organ at first)
(LS, Le)
SPERGULA (G)
Spurry(Le)
Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
sperma, = that which is sown, seed; gua, = piece of land, field; -ulus, = diminutive. speiro, = to scatter like seed, fling, throw about. (species wide distribution)
(LS, BL, Le)
sperma, = that which is sown, seed; gua, = piece of land, field; -ulus, = diminutive. speiro, = to scatter like seed, fling, throw about. -arius, = indicates connection or possession. (resembles SPERGULA (q.v.))
(LS, BL, Le)
SPHAGNUM (G)
Bog-moss(Le) Peat-moss
Family: SPHAGNACEAE
sphagnos, = a kind of moss. (a Genus of mosses growing in boggy places, bog-moss, peat-moss) sphagnos, = a spiny shrub, a kind of moss. sphagis, = a knife
(Ox, Int, LS)
SPILOXENE (G)
Cape Star(Le) Sterretjie
Family: HYPOXIDACEAE
spilos, = a stain, spot, blemish; xenos, = of a gander, goose; named from its wide bill. (spotted base of floral parts in some species)
(LS, Le)
SPOROBOLUS (G)
Dropseed (Le)
Family: POACEAE
sporos, = a sowing; seed-time, seed, produce,a crop; (seed, in modern botany, ‘spore’) bolos, = a throw with dice. (throwing; dropping of seed)
(LS, BL, Le)
STAAVIA
Starheath (Wf)
Family: BRUNIACEAE
For Martin Staaf, (1731 - 1788)**
(Ch)
For Johan Heinrich Julius Staberoh (1785 1857).**
(Ch)
STACHYS (G)
Woundwort(Le) Teebos
Family: LAMIACEAE
stachys, = ear of corn. (in modern botany, ‘spike’) (a spike)
(LS, BL, Le)
STELLARIA (La)
Chickweed (Le)
Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
stella, = a star; -aria, = resembles, like. stellaris, = of or belonging to a star, starry. (stellate, starry, i.e. with narrow divisions radiating from a centre like the rays of a star) (shape of the flower)
(ld, BL, Le)
stēnos, = narrow, strait; taphros, = a ditch, trench (small cavities (pits) on the surfaces of the rachis)
(LS, Cl)
STILBE (G)
Bottlebrush (Le) Stilbe (Wf)
Family: STILBACEAE
stilbo, = to shine, glitter, glisten. (possibly referring to the silver-white flowers that appear to shine. The genus could also be named after the nymph Stilbe**; but ‘the allusion is not clear’.)
(LS, J)
STIPAGROSTIS (G)
Boesmangras (Le)
Family: POACEAE
stype, = tow (Old Eng.), the coarse part of flax or hemp; stiphros, = close-pressed,: close, compact, solid, tough, stout; agros, = a field, land. agrostis, = a grass that mules feed on.
(LS)
STOEBE (G)
Snakebush (Wf) Hartebeeskaroo (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
stoibe, = a stuffing, filling up; anything stuffed in. (shrubby plant used for packing wine jars and making brooms)
(LS, Le)
STRUMARIA (G, La)
Cape Snowflake(Le) Tolbol
Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE
stroma, = anything spread out for lying or sitting upon: the bed and bedclothes, mattress, bedding; struo, = pile up; to make by joining together; to build, erect, fabricate, make, form, construct; struma, = a scrofulous tumor. struma; strumus, = a plant that cures the struma; struma, = a cushion-like swelling or tumor; -aria, = relating to or possessing.
(LS, ld, BL)
STRUTHIOLA (G, La)
Featherhead(Le) Katstertjie Veertjie
Family: THYMELAEACEAE
strouthos, = any small bird, especially, a sparrow; -ulus, = diminutive. (possibly the seed resembles a small beak) Struthion, = Soapwort – a plant called Fullers-Herb (1706).
(LS, BL, Le, Ox)
stylos, = a pillar, a post, pale, beam; stilus, = a stake, pale; of the stem or stalk of many plants; a-, = without, not, un-; pteron, = feather, wings; (style without wings, as opposed to Penaea, which has a winged style)
(LS, ld, Le)
SUTERA
Skunk Bush(Le) Stinkbossie
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
For Johann Rudolf Suter (1766-1827).**
(Ch)
For James Sutherland (1639-1719).**
(Ch)
symphero-, = to bring together, gather, collect; symphyo-, = growing or grown together; gnoys, gignosko, = to know, understand. genisis, = formation of some structure by union of previously separate parts.
(LS, Ox)
SYNCARPHA (G)
Everlasting(Le) Sewejaartjie
Family: ASTERACEAE
syn-, = with, along with, together, with, joined; (together, with , joined) carphos, = any dry particle, a dry stalk or chip; dry twigs, straws, bits of wool, such as birds make their nests of; husks or chaff. (any small dry body, twigs, etc) (possibly the bracts which unite into a tight cone shaped body upon ageing)
(LS, BL, Le)