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Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
pachys, = thick, large, stout. -ities, indicates a concept or quality. (refers to the robust, thick column)
(LS, BL, Co)
PANICUM (La)
Panic Grass(Le)
Family: POACEAE
panis, = bread; panicum, = Italian panic grass, (panicum Italicum). (used for making bread)
(ld, Le)
PANNARIA (La)
Lichen()
Family: PANNARIACEAE
pannus, = a cloth, a garment, a rag, tatters; perhaps a rag-like substance that grows on the tree aegilops, besides its acorns; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. pannarius, = of or pertaining to cloth.
(ld, BL)
PARANOMUS (G)
Doll's Bush(Le) Poppiesbos
Family: PROTEACEAE
para-, = beside; contrary to; nomos, = an usage, custom, convention, law. paranomos, = contrary to law and custom, unlawful, illegal. (adult plants have both entire and dissected leaves)
(LS, Le)
PARASERIANTHES (G)
Australian Albizia(Le) Stinkboon
Family: FABACEAE
para-, = by the side of, near, compared with; similar to, as ingeneric names; Here – SERIANTHES. sēres, = a people of Eastern Asia, (the modern Chinese), celebrated for their silken fabrics; anthos, = a flower, the bloom of a flower.
(BL, Le, ld, LS)
PASPALUM (G)
Millet (Le)
Family: POACEAE
paspale, = the finest meal: a morsel, scrap. paspalos, = millet.
(LS, K3)
PASSERINA (La)
Ganna Bush (Le)
Family: THYMELAEACEAE
passer, = a sparrow; -inus, = indicating material or colour, hence possession or resemblance. passerinus, = of or fit for a sparrow. (black seeds resembling a sparrow’s beak)
(ld, BL, Le)
PAURIDIA (G)
Klipsterretjie(Le)
Family: HYPOXIDACEAE
pauros, = little, small; -idum, = diminutive. (small size of some species)
(LS, BL, Le)
PELARGONIUM (G)
Pelargonium(Le) Stork's Bill Malva
Family: GERANIACEAE
pelargos, = a stork; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (the fruit resembles the beak of a stork)
(LS, BL, Le)
PELLAEA (G)
Cliffbrakes (Le)
Family: PTERIDACEAE
pellos,= dark coloured, blackish, dusky; -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality.
(LS, BL)
PENAEA
Noughts-and Crosses (Le)
Family: PENAEACEAE
For Pierre Pena (1535-1605).**
(Ch)
penna, pinna, = a feather; a wing; (a feather, wing, pen; (have often been used indiscriminately)) saeta, seta, = a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; of the spiny leaves of coniferous trees; (a bristle, bristle-like organ, as the fruit-stalk of a (sporophore) moss) (some species have plumose bristles)
(ld, BL, Le)
penta-, = five-; meros, = part. (referring to parts or their number)
(LS, BL)
penta-, = five; schiz, schizo, = to split, cleave. (cut, divided) (lemma with five divisions)
(LS, BL, Le)
peperi, = pepper; omoios, = like, alike. -ium, = ‘characteristic of’. (resembling pepper plant)
(Ox, LS, BL, Le)
persicus, persicum, = a peach-tree; a peach; -arius, = indicates connection or possession. (allusion not clear)
(ld, BL, Le)
petros, = a piece of rock, a stone; ragas, ragades, = rent/s, chink/s. (possibly a reference to the brown stone-like calex of a single bud at the end of a stem from which the petals emerge)
(LS, Ox, LB)
PEUCEDANUM (G)
Bergseldery (Le)
Family: APIACEAE
peuce, peukina = the fir, of the fir; edanos, = eatable. peucedanon, = the herb, hogg’s fennel. (Greek name for Ferula, the “hoggs fennel” a closely related genus)
(LS, Ox, Le)
PHAENOCOMA (G, La)
Red Everlasting(Le) Rooisewejaartjie
Family: ASTERACEAE
phaino, =to bring to light, make to appear: to shew, to make clear or known, hence to lay bare, uncover, disclose; come, = the hair; the foliage, leaves of trees. coma, = the hair of the head. (tuft of hair) OR phaino, = to shine; come, = the hair; the foliage, leaves of trees. coma, = tuft of hair. (slight misnomer as the shiny bracts are not hairy, and the tomentose outer bracts and stem are not shiny) [however, note that the new stems are in fact silvery-white and shiny and there are clearly terminal bristles on all the involucral bracts]
(LS, Ws, BL, Le, ga)
PHALARIS (G)
Canary Grass(Le)
Family: POACEAE
Pliny’s name for a similar grass; adopted by Linnaeus in his Hortus Cliffortianus (1773) 23 as the name of this genus. Phalaris was a tyrant of Agrigentum, for whom Perillus made a brazen bull, in which those condemned by him were to be roasted alive. He caused Perillus to be the first to suffer by it, but afterwards experienced the same punishment himself at the hands of his exasperated subjects.
(Ox, ld)
PHARNACEUM
Sneeuvygie (Le)
Family: MOLLUGINACEAE
Named after Pharnaces II (63 - 47 B.C.).**
(Le)
phragma, = a fence, protection, palisade, defence; (fence, screen, partition) -ites, -itis, = indicates a close connection.
(LS, BL)
PHYLICA (G)
Phylica(Le) Hardebos
Family: RHAMNACEAE
phyllon, = a leaf. -icus, = indicates ‘belonging to’. (apparently a misspelling by Linnaeus from phyllikos, leafy)
(LS, BL, Le)
PHYLLOBOLUS (G, La)
Vingerkanna (Le)
Family: AIZOACEAE
phyllon, = a leaf; bolos, bolus, = a throw or cast. (shedding of deciduous leaves of some species)
(BL, ld, Le)
PHYLLOPODIUM (G)
Capewort(Le) Opslag
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
phyllon, = a leaf; pous, podos, = a foot. (the base of a leaf stalk or main axis of a leaf) (shape of leaves)
(LS, Ox, Le)
phyton, = a plant, tree; lac, = milk; milky juice, milk of plants. lacca, = an unknown plant. lak, = crimson. (the juice of the fruit is crimson red) (laksha, = lacca, gum-lac, is the dark-red resinous incrustation produced on certain trees by the puncture of an insect insect (Caccus lacca); used in the East as a scarlet dye).
(LS, ld, Ox, Le)
For Neville Pillans (1884 - 1964).**
(Ch)
pilos, = wool or hair wrought into felt, felt; gyne, = a woman, female; (female or pertaining to female organs) -gynous, = having female organs or pistils. (with hairy ovary)
(LS, ld, Ox, BL)
PINUS (La)
Pine()
Family: PINACEAE
pinus, = a pine, pine-tree ; a fir, fir-tree.
(ld)
PLANTAGO (La)
Plantain (Le)
Family: PLANTAGINACEAE
planta, = a sole, sole of the foot. plantago, = plantain. (in reference to the broad prostrate leaves)
(ld, Le, Ox)
platys, = flat, wide, broad; caulos, = the stalk or stem of a plant.
(LS, ld)
platys, = flat, wide, broad; lophos, = crest, tuft of hair; a cock’s comb. (persistent styles which form a crest on the fruit)
(LS, Le)
PLECOSTACHYS (G)
Vaaltee (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
plecos, = anything twisted or plaited, wickerwork; stachys, = ear of corn. (in modern botany, ‘spike’)
(LS, BL)
PLEOPELTIS (G)
Shieldsorus Polypodies(Le)
Family: POLYPODIACEAE
pleo, = more; (many) pelte, = small light shield without a rim. (referring to lamina paleae)
(LS, BL, Le)
PLEURIDIUM (G)
Moss()
Family: DITRICHACEAE
pleuron, = a rib, the ribs, the side; (in Greek compound words, lateral, in a sideways position, ribbed) -idium, = diminutive. (the sporophytes often emerge laterally)
(LS, BL, Cl)
POA (G)
Blue Grass(Le)
Family: POACEAE
poa, = grass.
(LS)
poa, = grass; agros, = a field, land. agrostis, = a grass that mules feed on.
(LS)
PODALYRIA (G, La)
Bush Sweet Pea(Le) Keurtjie
Family: FABACEAE
After Podaleirios / Podalirius.**
(Ch, M)
PODOCARPUS (G)
Yellowwood(Le)
Family: PODOCARPACEAE
pous, podos, = a foot; carpos, = fruit. (fleshy receptacle in some species)
(LS, Le)
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; arrhen, = male. (functionally male disc florets)
(LS, Le)
POLYCARPON (G)
Allseed(Le) Naaldvrug
Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; carpos, = fruit.
(LS)
POLYGALA (G)
Butterfly Bush(Le) Ertjieblom
Family: POLYGALACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; gala, = milk. (some European species supposedly increase the milk production of cows)
(LS, Le)
POLYGONUM (G)
Knotgrass (Le)
Family: POLYGONACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; gony, = the knee (knee, node (of grass), angled, angular) (many-jointed stem)
(LS, BL, Le)
POLYPODIUM (G)
Polypodies(Le)
Family: POLYPODIACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; pous, podos, = a foot. -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance.
(LS)
POLYPOGON (G)
Beard Grass(Le) Baardgrass
Family: POACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; pogon, = the beard. (hairy glumes)
(LS, Le)
POLYTRICHUM (G)
Moss()
Family: POLYTRICHACEAE
polys, polle, poly, = (of number ), many; (of size), heavy; (of value), much; thrix, = the hair both of man and beast; sheep’s wool. -thrix, -trichis, = hair.
(LS, BL)
PORTULACA (La)
Purslane (Le)
Family: PORTULACACEAE
porta, = a gate, entrance, passage, outlet, door of any kind; -ulus, = diminutive. portula, = a small door or gate; -acea, = indicates resemblance. portulaca, = purslain. (capsule opens like a gate)
(ld, BL, Le)
PRENIA (G)

Family: AIZOACEAE
prenes, = bent forward, bent-foremost, downwards; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (creeping habit of the plant)
(LS, BL, Le)
PRIONIUM (G)
Palmiet (Le)
Family: PRIONIACEAE
prion, = a saw; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (margins of leaf blades)
(LS, BL, Le)
PRISMATOCARPUS (G)
Prismbell (Wf)
Family: CAMPANULACEAE
prisis, = a sawing; prismaticus, = having several longitudinal angles and intermediate flat surfaces; prisma,= prism; -atus, = indicates possession or likeness; carpos, = fruit. (prism-shaped; having several longitudinal angles and intermediate flat surfaces) (slender ovary becomes greatly elongated)
(LS, BL, Ox, Le)
PROTEA (G)
Protea(Le) Sugarbush
Family: PROTEACEAE
protos, = first, foremost, front (of number or place). (The name Protea was given by Linneaus in 1735. Some plants were sent to him from the Cape and he was evidently so impressed (or confused) by what he saw that he resorted to the name of the Greek God, Proteus.**)
(LS, Mv)
pseudo-, = false-, resembling but not equalling; For Abraham Baeck (1713 - 1795).** (bearing a false resemblance to the genus Baeckea in the family Myrtaceae; the genus having been named after Abraham Baeck)
(LS, Ox, Ch, K3)
pseudo, = to be mistaken, be false; (resembling but not equalling) krossos, = tassel, fringe, fimbria; -idium, diminutive. (fimbria, = thread, fibre, fringe;- the dentated or fringe-like ring of the operculum of mosses, by the elastic power of which the operculum is displaced)
(LS, Ox)
PSEUDOCYPHELLARIA (G, La)
Lichen()
Family: LOBARIACEAE
pseudo, = to be mistaken, be false; (resembling but not equalling) cyphella, = the hollows of the ears, a cup-like depression on the under surface of the thallus of some lichens; -aria, = indicates connection or possession.
(LS, Ox, BL)
pseudo, = to be mistaken, be false; (resembling but not equalling) + GNAPHALIUM. Gnapheion, knaphos = .the prickly teasel, used by fullers to card or clean cloth; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’. (resemblance to downy plant used for stuffing cushions)
(LS, Ox, BL, Le)
pseudo, = to be mistaken, be false; (resembling but not equalling) + PENTAMERIS (q.v.) (false Pentameris)
(LS, Ox, Le)
PSEUDOSELAGO (G)
Powderpuff (Le)
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
ppseudo, = to be mistaken, be false; (resembling but not equalling) + SELAGO. selago, = the club-moss resembling the savin-tree, Lycopodium selago; (these herbs or sub-shrubs are closely related to the genus SELAGO (q.v.))
(LS, Ox, ld, K3)
PSILOCLADA (G)
Moss()
Family: LEPIDOZIACEAE
psilo-, = bare, naked, bald; clados, = a young slip or shoot of a tree; a young branch or shoot.
(LS)
PSORALEA (G)
Blue Pea (Le)
Family: FABACEAE
psora, = a cutaneous disease, the itch, scab or mange; scabies; -eus, =indicates ‘possessed by’ or belonging to. (warty; rough glands that cover parts of the plant)
(LS, BL, Le)
PTERIDIUM (G)
Bracken (Le)
Family: DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
pteron, = a feather, wings; pteris, = fern; -idium, = diminutive. (fronds resemble a bird’s wing)
(LS, Ro, BL, Le)
PTERIS (G)
Brakes (Le)
Family: PTERIDACEAE
pteron, = a feather, wings; -is, = indicates a close connection. pteris, = fern.
(LS, BL, Ro)
PTEROCELASTRUS (G)
Cherrywood(Le) Kershout
Family: CELASTRACEAE
pteron, = a feather, wings; kelastros, = holly. (wing + the genus CELASTROS; the fruit carry horn or wing-like outgrowths)
(LS, Le)
PTERONIA (G)
Gumbush (Wf) Gombos (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
pteron, = a feather, wings; -ius, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance.
(LS, BL)
PTERYGODIUM (G)
Bonnet Orchid(Le) Moederkappie
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
pteron, = a feather, wings; pterygo-, = wing-, fin-, wing-like appendage; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (wing-like, pterygoid, flared upper tepal) (refers to the wing-like blade of the lip)
(LS, Ox, BL, Le, Co)
ptyche, ptyks, = anything in folds, a fold, leaf, layer, plate, wrinkles; (referring to folds, pleats, clefts or deep grooves) mitra, = a girdle; headband; mitre, turban; -ium, = ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance.
(LS, BL)
PULICARIA (La)
Fleabane (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
pulex, = a flea; -aria, = indicates a place where something is done – used for. pulicarius, pulicaris, = of or belonging to fleas, producing fleas, flea-bearing; pulicaria = a plant, called also psyllion. (used to repel fleas)
(ld, BL, Le)
PUTTERLICKIA
Basterpendoring (Le)
Family: CELASTRACEAE
For Aloys Putterlick (1810-1845).**
(Ch)
Anagram of the genus CYPERUS: inflorescences similar kupeiron, kupeiros, = a marsh-plant, used to feed horses. (a rush or sedge) (inflorescences similar)
(Le, LS)
PYRRHOBRYUM (G)
Moss()
Family: RHIZOGONIACEAE
purros, = flame-coloured, red; pyrrh-, pyrrho-, = fire –red, ruddy, flame coloured; bryo, = to be full of anything, swell or teem with, (to cause to burst forth). bruon, = moss.
(LS, BL, Ox)