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Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
OCOTEA
Stinkwood(Le) Stinkhout
Family: LAURACEAE
Native name for stinkwood in French Guiana
(Le)
OEDERA
Perdekaroo (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
For Georg Christian Oeder (1782 - 1791).**
(Ch)
OENOTHERA (G)
Evening Primrose (Le)
Family: ONAGRACEAE
oinos, = wine; thera, = a hunting, the chase, eager pursuit (of anything). (roots of O. biennis were supposed to give one a thirst for wine)
(LS, Le)
OFTIA
Lazy Bush(Le) Sukkelbossie
Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
Obscure; most authorities credit the name to Michael Adanson (1727 - 1806), who named the species after a friend M. Oft. The name was unexplained.
(K3)
OLDENBURGIA
Kreupelbosch(Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
For Franz Pehr Oldenburg (1740-1774)**
(Ch)
OLEA (G, La)
Olive (Le)
Family: OLEACEAE
elaia, = the olive tree; olea, = an olive;
(LS)
OLINIA
Hard Pear(Le) Hardepeer Rooibessie
Family: OLINIACEAE
For Johan Henrik Olin (1769-1824).**
(Ch)
oncos, = mass, bulk; in modern Greek, also tumour; (swollen, puffed out, bulky) nema, = that which is spun, thread, yarn, the thread of a spider’s web. (anthers carry ovate appendages)
(Ox, BL, LS, Le)
ONCOSIPHON (G)
Stinkweed (Wf) Stinkkruid (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
oncos, = mass, bulk; in modern Greek, also tumour; (swollen, puffed out, bulky) siphon, = a tube. (tube, pipe) (base of the corolla tube which is much swollen)
(Ox, BL, LS, Le)
ONIXOTIS (G)
Water Phlox (Le)
Family: COLCHICACEAE
onyx, = in plural , ‘the talons of a bird of prey’; in singular, of beasts of prey, ‘a claw’; ous, otis, = an ear. (clawed base of petals)
(LS, BL, Le)
ORBEA (La)
Carrion Flower (Wf)
Family: APOCYNACEAE
orbis, = a ring, round surface, disk, hoop, orbit, orb, a circle; (ring, circle, orb) -eus, = indicates material or colour or resemblance in quality. (probably a reference to the well developed annulus)
(ld, BL, Le)
ORNITHOGALUM (G)
Chincherinchee (Le)
Family: HYACINTHACEAE
ornis, = a bird; ornith-,= pertaining to birds, bird-like; gala, = milk; (pigeon’s milk- (high fat, milk-like secretions produced in pigeons’ crops for feeding young. “Bird’s milk” was colloquial in Ancient Greek for something beautiful)
(LS, BL, Le)
ORNITHOGLOSSUM (G)
Snake Lily (Le)
Family: COLCHICACEAE
ornis, = a bird; ornith-,= pertaining to birds, bird-like; glossa, = the tongue. (narrow tepals)
(LS, BL, Le)
ORNITHOPUS (G)
Bird's Foot (Le)
Family: FABACEAE
ornis, = a bird; ornith-, = pertaining to birds, bird-like; pous, podos, = a foot. (shape of the leaves)
(LS, BL, Le)
OROBANCHE (G)
Broomrape (Le)
Family: OROBANCHACEAE
orobos, = the vetch; ancho, = strangle, to throttle. orobanche, = a plant, broom-rape, choke-weed; (parasite believed to kill the host plant)
(LS, BL, Ox, ld, Le)
oros, = a mountain, hill; thamnos, = a bush, shrub.
(LS)
ORPHIUM
Sea Rose(Le) Teringbos
Family: GENTIANACEAE
After Orpheus.** [There is only one species, O.frutescens, whose anthers are coiled and open in response to the buzz of the wings of its pollinator, the carpenter bee]
(Ch, AB)
orthos, = straight; (in height), upright, standing erect; (in line), a straght line; cheilos¸= a lip.
(LS)
OSCULARIA (G)
Rock Vygie (Wf) Sandsteenvygie (Le)
Family: AIZOACEAE
os, oris, = the mouth; -ulum, = diminutive; osculor, = to kiss; -arius, = indicates connection or possession. (fanciful likeness of the toothed leaves)
(ld, BL, Le)
OSMITOPSIS (G)
Balsamweed (Wf) Belskruie (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
osmē, osma, = a smell, scent, odour, whether good or bad; a scent, perfume; -opsis, = aspect, appearance, hence ‘resemblance’. (resembling the genus OSMITES – now a non-existent genus)
(LS, BL, Le)
OSMUNDA
Royal Fern (Le)
Family: OSMUNDACEAE
For Osmund,** the waterman or for the Anglo-Saxon equivalent of Thor, god of thunder. The derivation of this family name is obscure. Jackson gives five possibilities, but doubt remains as to which, if any, are correct.
(Ro)
OSTEOSPERMUM (G)
Boneseed (Wf) Bitou (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
osteon, = a bone; sperma, = that which is sown, seed. (hard achenes)
(LS, Le)
OSYRIS (now COLPOON) (G)
Cape Sumach(Le) Pruimbas
Family: SANTALACEAE
ozos, = a bough, branch, twig, shoot. (the bush is much branched)
(LS, Le)
OTHOLOBIUM (G)
Skaapbostee (Le)
Family: FABACEAE
otheo, osaske, = to thrust, push, shove, force away or from a place; othein, = to push; lobos, = the lobe or lower part of the ear; (capsule or pod). -ium = diminutive. (fruit of O. caffrum appears to push out of the calyx)
(LS, Ox, BL, Le)
OTHONNA (G)
Babooncress Bobbejaankool (Wf)
Family: ASTERACEAE
othone, = a sheet, linen, cloth. (Ancient Greek name, probably from othonne, linen, cloth; probably the soft texture of the leaves of some species)
(LS, Le)
OXALIS (G)
Sorrel(Le) Suring
Family: OXALIDACEAE
oxys, = sharp, keen, pointed; oxy-, = sharp, sour, pointed; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (oxalic acid content)
(LS, BL, Le)