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Genus: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ECHIOSTACHYS (G)
Bottlebrush Bugloss (Wf) Bottelborsel (Le)
Family: BORAGINACEAE
ekhis, = a viper. stachys, = ear of corn. (in modern botany, 'spike') (ECHIUM, = a genus of the Boraginaceae; i.e. a spike like ECHIUM (q.v.))
(LS, BL, M)
ECHIUM (G)
Bugloss (Le)
Family: BORAGINACEAE
ekhis, = a viper. ('The allusion is doubtful; does the seed resemble a viper's head?')
(LS, J)
EDMONDIA
Paperflower (Wf) Sewejaartjie (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
Probably for James W. Edmond (died 1815).**
(Ch)
For Jacob Frederich Ehrhardt (1742 - 95).**
(Ch)
ELAPHOGLOSSUM (G)
Deertongue Ferns (Le)
Family: DRYOPTERIDACEAE
elaphos, = deer; glossa, = tongue.
(LS)
elegos, = a song of mourning, a lament. (song of lamentation)
(LS, Le)
ELEUSINE (G)
Finger Millet(Le)
Family: POACEAE
From Eleusis, a Greek city where the goddess of grain, Demeter (Ceres in Latin), was worshipped. Triptolemus, to whom Ceres had imparted for all mankind valuable grains and the knowledge of agriculture, built a magnificent temple to Ceres at Eleusis, and established the worship of the goddess, under the name of the Eusinian mysteries, which, in their spendour and solemnity of their observance, surpassed all other religious celebrations among the Greeks.
(Le, Bu)
ELYTROPAPPUS (G, La)
Renosterbos(Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
elytron, = a cover, covering. case, sheath; pappos, = a grandfather; an old man. pappus, = an old man; a grandfather; the wooly hairy seed of certain plants. (apical tuft of hair or bristles or homologous appendages on fruits of compsitae).
(LS, BL)
EMEX
Duiweltjie(Le) Devil's Thorn
Family: POLYGONACEAE
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Rumex, a name used for culinary Sorrel, Dock, used by Pliny.
(Le)
em-, = in, within; pleura, pleuron, = a rib; the ribs, the side. (seeds are contained within a membranous inner hull of the ripe capsule)
(BL, LS, Le)
EMPODIUM (G)
Autumn Star (Le)
Family: HYPOXIDACEAE
em-, = in, within; pous, podos, = a foot. (underground ovary)
(BL, LS, Le)
EPILOBIUM (G)
Willowherb (Le)
Family: ONAGRACEAE
epi-, = upon, over, on top of, added to; lobos, = the lobe or lower part of the ear; (capsule or pod). (flower appears to grow on the seed-pod)
(BL, LS, Le)
epi-, = upon, over, on top of, added to; schoinos, = a rush; a sharp, tough rush or reed, used as an arrow; also as a spit. (epi-, here meaning ‘akin to’ the rush genus SCHOENUS)
(BL, LS, Le)
ERAGROSTIS (G)
Love Grass (Le)
Family: POACEAE
eros, = love, desire; agros, = a field, land. agrostis, = a grass that mules feed on. (graceful heart-shaped spikelets)
(LS, Le)
EREPSIA (G)
Erepsia (Wf) Altydvygie (Le)
Family: AIZOACEAE
erepto, erepho = to roof over: to crown. (stamens are concealed by the staminodes)
(LS, Le)
ERICA (G)
Erica(Le) Heather(Wf) Heide Heath
Family: ERICACEAE
ereike, = ereice, = this name was used for heaths by Theophrastus** (372-287 B.C.) and Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23-79); derived from ericein (Greek), pound – (referring to the supposed property of some species to break gall stones). ‘ereike’, = to break, because an infusion of certain heath plants was supposed to break up kidney stones. Name is assigned to Carl Linnaeus, who derived the modern system of naming plants known as binomial nomenclature. In his work ‘Species Plantarum’, published in 1753 he described 23 Erica species, of which 12 were from the Cape of Good Hope.
(M, SK)
ERIOCEPHALUS (G)
Wild Rosemary(Le) Kapokbos (Wf) Kapokbush
Family: ASTERACEAE
erion, = wool; cephale, = head; -alis, -aris, = belonging or pertaining to, resembling, provided with. (fruiting heads are woolly)
(LS, BL, Le)
ERIOSPERMUM (G)
Cottonseed (Le)
Family: RUSCACEAE
erion, = wool; sperma, = that which is sown, seed. (seed covered with white hairs)
(LS, Le)
ERODIUM (G)
Heron's Bill(Le)
Family: GERANIACEAE
erodios, = the heron or hern. (the seed pod resembles the head and beak of a heron)
(LS, Le)
eu-, = well; (well, good, thoroughly, completely, truly) chaite, = long flowing hair. (petals bearded on the inner surface)
(LS, BL, Le)
EUCLEA (G)
Gwarrie (Le)
Family: EBENACEAE
eu-, = well; (well, good, thoroughly, completely, truly) kleos, = report, common fame, news. (possibly alluding to the ebony-type wood of some species) eucleia, = glory; (alluding to the evergreen foliage)
(LS, BL, Le, M)
EULOPHIA (G)
Harlequin Orchid (Le)
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
eu, = well; (well, good, thoroughly, completely, truly) lophos, = crest, tuft of hair; a cock’s comb. (refers to crests on the lip)
(LS, BL, Co)
EUPHORBIA (G)
Spurge(Le) Melkbos
Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
eu-, = well; (good, well developed, normal, true) phorbe, = pasture, food, fodder, forage; fuel. The name honours, Euphorbus Musa, physician to King Juba, of Numidia (Mauritania) c. 47 B.C., was interested in these cactus-like plants supposedly for medicine – of which many are poisonous.
(LS, BL, M, K3)
EURYOPS (G)
Rosinbush (Wf) Harpuisbos (Le)
Family: ASTERACEAE
eurus, = wide, broad, spacious; ops (ώψ), = the eye, face, countenance. (large flower head)
(LS, Le)
eu-, = well; (good, well developed, normal, true) stege, = a roof; -ia, = means ‘characteristic of’, hence indicates connection or resemblance. (triple corolla)
(LS, BL, K3)
EVOTELLA (G)
Liver Orchid (Le)
Family: ORCHIDACEAE
eu-, = well; (good, well developed, normal, true) ous, otis, = an ear; -ella, = diminutive. (little Evota, a Cape orchid genus now included in Ceratandra; refers to the flattened ear-like anther cells prominent in C. bicolor and C. harvyana)
(LS, BL, Co)
EXOMIS (G)
Brakbossie (Le)
Family: CHENOPODIACEAE
ex, = without, lacking, destitute of, un-, -less; omos, = the shoulder. ("a dress without sleeves": allusion unclear)
(BL, LS, Le)