Appendix

Appendix: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
d'Urville
  urvillei
Jules Sébastien César Dumont d’Urville (1790-1842), French naval officer, explorer and botanist who commanded the Astrolabe on a three-year circumnavigation of the world beginning in 1826 which brought back large collections of zoological, botanical and mineralogical reports. This was his second circumnavigation, the first having been aboard the hydrographic and botanical research vessel Coquille departing from France in 1822. He invented the terms Micronesia and Melanesia to distinguish those island groups from Polynesia. He later made a second equally significant voyage also on the Astrolabe including Antarctica, and eventually became President of the French Geographical Society. He discovered the Venus de Milo statue on the island of Milos in the Mediterranean, and was responsible for its purchase by the French government. He and his whole family died in a train disaster near Versailles. He is commemorated with the taxon Paspalum urvillei, which he discovered and collected. (Hugh Clarke, pers. comm.; Wikipedia; JSTOR)
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Daphne
The laurel is sacred to Apollo. Daphne, whom he, after the discharge of two arrows by Cupid (one of gold for Apollo and the other of lead for Daphne), pursued; 'he on the wings of love and she on those of fear'. Daphne appealed to her father, Peneus, to change her form which had brought her into that danger. Immediately, a stiffness seized her limbs; her bosom began to be enclosed in a tender bark; her hair became leaves; her arms became branches; her foot stuck fast in the ground, as a root; her face became a treetop, retaining nothing of its former self but its beauty'. 'Since you cannot be my wife,' said Apollo, 'you shall assuredly be my tree.'
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de Labillardière
  Billardieri
for Jacques Julien Houtou de Labillardière (1755-1834), French naturalist who first described the flora of Australia in his work Novae Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen. He made numerous collecting trips to Britain, the French Alps, the Mediterranean and the Near East. He was the author of Icones plantarum Syriae rariorum which described species he collected on his visits to Cypress, Syria, Lebanon, Crete, Corsica and Sardinia. When he went as naturalist on an expedition to search for the lost ships of Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, he visited Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and the East Indies. During this voyage war had broken out between France and Great Britain, and his entire collection of zoological, botanical and geological specimens were siezed by the British, but thanks to the close ties with Sir Joseph Banks he had established during his two years in Britain, the matter was later resolved and the collection returned to him. He wrote about this voyage in Relation du Voyage à la Recherche de la Pérouse. He was honored with the names of several geographical points and several animal species such as the red-legged skink (Ctenotus labillardieri). The botanical taxon in southern Africa with this specific name is Dicranoloma billardieri in the Dicranaceae family of mosses, published first by Swiss bryologist Samuel Élisée von Bridel (1761-1828) and revised by French bryologist Jean Édouard Gabriel Narcisse Paris (1827-1911). He is also commemorated with the Australian endemic genus Billardiera. (Wikipedia)
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Diels
  Dielsiana,   Dielsii,   dielsia
Friedrich Ludwig Emil Diels (1874-1945), German botanist who travelled widely through South Africa, Java, Australia and New Zealand, later New Guinea and Ecuador, making large collections of plants, and writing an important monograph on the Droseraceae vice-director and then director of the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Gardens. His collections were destroyed in an air raid in 1943. He is commemorated with Diascia dielsiana, Spiloxene dielsiana, Drosera dielsiana, Agathosma dielsiana, Cotula dielsii and the former Crassula dielsii, now C. dentata. The genus Dielsia in the Restionaceae was published in 1904 by German botanist Ernest Friedrich Gilg. (Wikipedia; Gunn & Codd)
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Dioscorides
  Dioscorea
Pedanius Dioscorides (circa 40—90 AD), Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist, and author of De Materia Medica, a 5-volume encyclopedia on the subject of herbal medicines which was widely read in Latin, Greek and Arabic and consulted more or less continuously for 1500 years. It was also the foremost classical source of modern botanical terminology. The genus Dioscorea in the Dioscoreaceae was published in 1753 by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. (Wikipedia; Encyclopedia Britanica)
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Disa
  Disa
A legendary Swedish Queen who entered the royal court clad in a fishing net with one foot on a sledge and one leg over a donkey. This was in response to the king's request that he was looking for a wife who had to come into his court neither dressed nor naked, neither riding or driving. Her triumphal entry into the king's court is still celebrated in Uppsala annually. Disa was named by the Swedish botanist Bergius in 1767. Disa is the heroine of a Swedish legendary saga, which was documented by Olaus Magnus, in 1555. It is believed to be from the Middle Ages, but includes Old Norse themes. "In time the when the god-king Freyr (or king Sigtrud) ruled in Sweden, there was a famine. The long peace during Freyr's reign had greatly increased Sweden's population until the lands could no longer support it sufficiently. The king and the chieftains decided that the population had to be culled by killing all the elderly, sickly and handicapped, and by sacrificing them to Odin. However, Disa, the daughter of the chieftain Sigsten of Venngarn in Uppland, was upset by this cruel solution. She talked mockingly to the king and chieftains about their wisdom and claimed to have wiser words of advice. In order to test her wits, Freyr asked her to visit him, but she could not do so by foot, by horse, in a wagon, nor in a boat. She could not visit him either dressed or undressed. The time must not be within a year nor within a month, and neither during daytime nor nighttime, and neither when the moon was waxing nor waning. She passed the test by harnessing two young men to a sled. By the sled, she had a billygoat and she had one leg over the goat and the other leg in the sled. For clothes she had a net (it is assumed that the prominent net-like venation on the type of Disa uniflora (type for the genus) may have reminded Peter Bergius, of Disa's fishing-net apparel), and she arrived at dusk to the king the third day before Yule, a day which was not counted to the year but was considered to be an additional day between two years. The genocide was cancelled, and according to the behest of the new queen Disa, there was a drawing of lots so that a part of the population was to leave Sweden (then restricted to Svealand), for the northern regions that were later called Norrland, where they were to settle and cultivate the land. Disa's wisdom was so highly valued that many disputes were relegated to her at the Midwinter blót at the Temple at Uppsala, which from this time was called the Disablot and the Disting." Several less widely accepted attempts to describe the origin of the generic name were also recorded by Petterson (1985) . These included James Edward Smith’s suggestion (cited by W. J. Hooker 1884a and Marloth 1915) that ‘the very name Disa, from ΔΙΣ = Zeus. Jupiter, to express a female divinity, was given by Bergius, in allusion to the magnificence and beauty of the flower, exceeding most of its tribe and to preserv e an analogy with Arethusa, Cypripedium, Serapias’ and other mythological names of orchids. Lemaire (1846) considered a Latin origin, from dis (dives), meaning rich, in allusion to the rich, brilliant colours of the flowers, as more probable.
(Le, Wi, Co)
Dittrich
  Dittricia
Manfred Dittrich (1934- ), German botanist, specialist in the Asteraceae, and Director of the Herbarium of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. The genus Dittrichia in the Asteraceae was published in 1973 by Swiss botanist Werner Rodolfo Greuter. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
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Dod
  Dodii
Anthony Hurt Wolley-Dod (1861-1948), British soldier-botanist who collected in South Africa, Gibraltar, California and the U.K., author of several books on flora. (Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names).
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Drège
  Dregea,   Dregeana,   Dregeanum,   Dregeanus,   Dregei,   Dregeochloa
Johann Franz (Jean Francois) Drège (1794-1881), German plant collector and a botanical explorer and traveller who arrived in the Cape in 1826 with his brother Wilhelm Eduard to join his other brother Carl Friedrich who had come in 1821. He was employed at various major botanic gardens at Riga, Munich, Berlin and St. Petersburg. After joining his brother Carl in South Africa, they established a collecting enterprise with himself collecting botanical specimens and Carl collecting zoological and ethnological specimens. They made several expeditions with Danish botanist Christian Friedrich Ecklon. His herbarium which was transferred to Berlin in 1915 was largely destroyed during WWII. Judging by the number of species on which his name appears and by the copious records he kept of collections and geographic localities, he is clearly one of the most significant plant collectors ever to have worked in South Africa. The genus Dregea in the Apocynaceae was published by German botanist Ernst Heinrich Friedrich Meyer, and the genus Dregeochloa in the Poaceae was published by German botanist and agrostologist Hans Joachim Conert in 1966. J.F. Drège is also commemorated with the genus Ifdregea which does not appear in southern Africa, and in many species names such as Muraltia dregei, Oxalis dregei, Indigofera dregeana, Arctotis dregei, Sebaea dregei, Asclepias dregeana, Babiana dregei, Gladiolus dregei, Cyathea dregei, Cromidon dregei, Anthospermum dregei, Begonia dregei, Pavonia dregei, and many others. There was at one time a genus Dregea in the Apiaceae which was published by Ecklon and Zeyher in 1837, but is no longer considered valid. (Gunn & Codd; Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park; JSTOR; CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
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Drewe
  Dreweae
Priscilla Brierly Drewe, (1926 - ), Keeper of the Hermanus Herbarium from l983 to 2006. Now Emeritus Keeper. Honorary President of the Hermanus Botanical Society. Her after-fire research on the Kleinrivier Mountains led to the discovery of Otholobium dreweae. Lifetime Achievement Award bestowed by Overstrand Conservation Foundation 2007. Born in England, worked on cracking 'enigma code' in World War ll and for MI5, farmed in Zimbabwe, before settling in Hermanus in l980
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Dryas / Dryad: A dryad (Δρυάδες, singular: Δρυάς) is a tree nymph, that is a female spirit of a tree, in Greek mythology. In Greek ‘drys’ signifies "oak". Thus dryads are specifically the nymphs of oak trees, though the term has come to be used for all tree nymphs in general. "Such deities are very much overshadowed by the divine figures defined through poetry and cult," Walter Burkert remarked of Greek nature deities. They were normally considered to be very shy creatures, except around the goddess Artemis, who was known to be a friend to most nymphs.
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Dunsdon
  Dunsdonii
Mr. L. Dunsdon (fl. 1934) according to Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names. JSTOR records show the taxon Disphyma dunsdonii having been collected by a J. Dunsdon in 1930, but this could easily be an example of a misprint in the records, something that frequently occurs.
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Duthie
  Duthiastrum,   duthiae,   duthieae
Dr. Augusta Vera Duthie (1881-1963), South African plant collector, born in Knysna, lecturer in botany at Victoria College which later became Stellenbosch University, established the Stellenbosch herbarium, spent a year at Cambridge (1912) and a year in Australia (1920). She is commemorated with the taxa Psilocaulon duthiae, Ruschia duthiae,Stomatium duthiae, Ischyrolepis duthieae, Erica duthieae, Eriospermum duthieae and Impatiens duthieae. The genus Duthiastrum in the Iridaceae was published in her honor in 1975 by South African botanist Miriam Phoebe de Vos. Her name is also on the Duthie's golden mole, Chlorotalpa duthieae. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names; The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals; Gunn & Codd)
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