Appendix

Appendix: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Caesius
  Caesia
Federico Cesi (Fridericus Caesius) (1585-1630), Italian botanist, microscopist and supporter of Galileo, discovered that ferns have spores. The genus was published in 1810 by Robert Brown. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ch)
Candolle
  candolleana,   candolleanum,   candolleanus,   candollei
Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841), Professor of Botany in Geneva, author of many botanical works such as Théorie élémentaire de la botanique (1813), Synopsis plantarum in flora Gallica descriptarum (1806), Plantarum historia succulentarum (1799 in 4 vols.), and Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis. He was a greatly significant figure in the world of botany. His concept of nature at war with itself was an influence on Darwin who studied his natural system of classification. He had a son Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle (1806-1893) and a grandson Anne Casimir Pyrame de Candolle (1836-1918) who were also botanists. There were several genera named for him, five named Candollea, one in the Dilleniaceae published in 1806 by Jacques Julien Houtou de Labillardiére, one in the Ericaceae published in 1810 by Johann Christian Gottlob Baumgarten, one in the Poaceae published in 1840 by Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel, one in the Polypodiaceae published in 1803 by Charles François Brisseau de Mirbel, and one in the Stylidiaceae also published by Labillardiére in 1805, and Candolleodendron, published in 1966 by Richard Sumner Cowan. His son also had a genus named for him, Candollina. There are several current taxa in the flora of southern Africa, Indigofera candolleana, Prismatocarpus candolleanus, Stylapterus candolleanus, Helichrysum candolleanum, and Euryops candollei, and the likelihood is that they are all named for Augustin de Candolle. (Wikipedia)
(Ch)
Chiron
  Chironia
Chiron, the good Centaur of Greek mythology who studied medicine, astronomy, music, and other arts, and was a skilled herbalist who mentored many Greek heroes such as Achilles and Asclepius. Legend has it that despite being an immortal he was accidentally shot with a poisoned arrow by Hercules, and was in unbearable pain. Because of this, he voluntarily relinquished his immortality and died, whereupon Zeus put him in the sky at Alpha and Beta Centauri, the pointer stars for the Southern Cross. The genus Chironia in the Gentianaceae was published by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753. (PlantzAfrica; Wikipedia) Chiron, one of the Centaurs, distinguished for his knowledge of plants, medicine, and deviation, son of Saturn and Philyra; mentor of Aesculapius, Hercules and Achilles. Chiron was instructed by Apollo and Diana, and was renowned for his skill in hunting, medicine, music and the art of prophecy. The most distinguished heroes of Grecian story were his pupils. Chiron was the wisest and justest of all the centaurs, and at his death Jupiter placed him among the stars as the constellation Saggitarius.
(Ch, ld, Ws, Bu)
Clifford
  Cliffortia
George Clifford (1685-1760), a rich Anglo-Dutch financier and a Director of the Dutch East India Company who was also a keen horticulturist. In Amsterdam, Linnaeus stayed with Clifford, who owned a large, famous garden and the Zoo. Linnaeus named the genus after his patron in 1753. (PlantzAfrica)
(Ch)
Clutius
  Clutia,   Cluytia
Outgers or Outgaerts Cluyt, M.D. (Angerius Clutius; Theodorus Augerius Clutius) (1577-1636), Dutch botanist, apothecary, author of a botanical work in 1634, horticulturist, plant collector and close friend of botany professor and Curator of the Leyden Botanical Garden Charles l'Ecluse (better known as Carolus Clusius). He wrote a monograph on the ephemeral nature of the life cycle of the mayfly and a treatise on how to prepare and transport trees over long distances. Outgers was the son of pharmacist Dirck Ougaertszoon Cluyt (Clutius) from Delft (either 1546 or 1550-1598) who was an authority on medicinal herbs and had been appointed as an assistant to Clusius with the title of Hortulanus or Keeper of the Garden. He studied at the University of Montpellier for several years and travelled to Germany, France, Spain and North Africa studying and collecting plants, and sending many seeds and plants back to Leyden. There is disagreement about Outgers' birth and death dates with some sources giving 1590-1650 and others 1577-1636, but the latter dates are probably correct. The name Outgers is sometimes recorded as Outger. The genus Clutia in the Euphorbiaceae was published by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753, and the name probably derived from Clutius rather than Cluyt. Linnaeus was the first to publish the name as Clutia, but the genus was renamed Cluytia by a Mr. Dryander in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis according to Curtis's botanical magazine, Vol. 45, 1818, which states that "This genus was first established by [Herman] Boerhaave, in his Catalogue of the Leyden Garden, in honour of Outger[s] Cluyt, Professor of Botany in the University of Leyden. According to the fashion of the day, his name was latinized to Augerius Clutius, whence the genus was called by Boerhaave, Clutia; and was so continued by Linnaeus and others. We believe the late Mr. Dryander, in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis [1789], was the first to write the name Cluytia, which is not only conformable to the rule recommended, of spelling the name of the genus, as near to that of its prototype, as the genius of the Latin language will permit, but serves the useful purpose of distinguishing it from Clusia with which it was otherwise liable to be confounded; and, in conformity with the latter intention, it should be pronounced Clytia." Boerhaave apparently based his genus on the species Clutia pulchella. Then in 1840 Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel published the name Cluytia in the Euphorbiaceae in his Nomenclator Botanicus 2nd Edition. To further confuse the issue, in the 1824 volume The Botanical Register, Vol. 10, by Sydenham Teast Edwards and John Lindley, it is stated that Clutius's name was Antgers Cluyt and that the spelling of Clutia was changed to Cluytia by a Professor John Martyn in his Historia Plantarum Rariorum (1728-1737), which pre-dated the Hortus Kewensis. And the 1878 work The Natural History of Plants, Vol. 5, by Henri Baillon lists the genus as Cluytia Martyn. In any case, this does resolve the question of whether Clutia and Cluytia are separate genera. They are not and Clutia is the correct name. It is not likely that Outgers Cluyt was a professor in the current academic sense, but both he and his father may well have conducted various instructional courses. The 1999 work The Ambonese Curiosity Cabinet by Georg Eberhard Rumpf says that Boerhaave named the genus after both father and son. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names; The Scientific Revolution in National Context ed. by Roy Porter and Mikulas Teich; Hugh Clarke, pers. comm.)
(Ch)
Commelin
  Commelina,   Commelinii
Jan or Johan Commelin (1629-1692), his nephew Caspar Commelin (1667/1668-1731), and possibly his son Caspar as well, all Dutch botanists. The flowers of Commelina have two large showy petals and a single small petal, and according to Stearn supposedly the two large petals represented (at least for Linnaeus who adopted the name given by Plumier) Commelin senior and the nephew, while the small one represented the son who never achieved anything in the field of botany. The genus Commelina was published in 1753 by Linnaeus, and there used to be a taxon Aloe commelinii, which is now Aloe perfoliata. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ch)
Compton
  comptoniana,   comptonii
Professor Robert Harold Compton (1886-1979), the second director of the National Botanical Gardens of South Africa. He started the Journal of South African Botany in 1935. During the 34 years that he was Director of Kirstenbosch, he was also Professor of Botany at Cape Town University. His interests were mainly in taxonomy. After his retirement he settled in Swaziland where he produced An Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Swaziland. His name is on the Herbarium at Kirstenbosch, he was honored with the name Haworthia comptoniana, and between thirty and forty other species in southern Africa currently bear the specific epithet comptonii, most if not all of which are commemorative of him, so he was without question a major figure in South African botany. (Gunn & Codd)
(Ch)
Cooper
  Cooperi
Thomas Cooper (1815-1913), English botanist and plant explorer, employed by W.W. Saunders, studied and collected plants in the mid to late 1800's in Zulu territory and in the Drakensberg Mountains of eastern South Africa. Cooper came to South Africa in 1859. His daughter married British botanist Nicholas Edward Brown. He introduced many new species which were illustrated in Curtis' Botanical Magazine. He was memorialized in the names of many species which he collected including taxa in genera Streptocarpus, Drimia, Ledebouria, Adromischus, Crassula, Chlorophytum, Delosperma, Cyathea, Aloe, Sutera, Orbea, Wahlenbergia, Tritonia, Dierama, Moraea, Ranunculus, Asclepias, Disa, Helichrysum, Euphorbia and Haworthia. (Gunn & Codd)
(Ch)
Cullum
  Cullumia
Rev. Sir John Cullum (1733-1785), British botanist, geneologist, antiquarian and scholar, and author of History and Antiquities of Hawstead (1785), fellow of the Royal Society, and his brother Thomas Gery Cullum (1741-1831), a medical practitioner and surgeon, member of the Royal and Linnaean Societies, and author of Florae Anglicae Specimen imperfectum et ineditum (1774). Noted English botanist and founder of the Linnaean Society Sir James Edward Smith dedicated his English Flora of 1824 to Thomas Cullum. The genus was published in 1813 by Robert Brown. (Hugh Clarke)
(Ch)
Cuno
  Cunonia
Johann Christian Cuno (1708-1780), German naturalist who published a book of verse about his garden in which many exotic plants were growing. He made a fortune as a merchant in the West Indies and lived for years in Holland. There seems to be some uncertainty about his date of death. In addition to the 1780 date given above, I have seen 1796 and 1783. The genus was published by Linnaeus in 1759. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ch)
Cupani
  Cupaniana
Francesco Cupani (1657-1711), Sicilian monk and author of works on Sicilian plants. He was the first Director of the botanic garden at Misilmeri, Sicily, and author of Catalogus plantarum sicularum Noviter adinventarum (1692), Syllabus plantarum Siciliae Nuper detectarum (1694), Hortus Catholicus (1696), and Pamphyton siculum (1713). He is commemorated with Aira cupaniana. (Hugh Clarke; Etymological Dictionary of Grasses)
(Ch)
Curtis
  Curtisia
William Curtis (1746-1799), nurseryman, entomologist, and founder of Curtis's Botanical Magazine, first published in 1786 and still going today. He was demonstrator of plants and Praefectus Horti at the Chelsea Physic Garden from 1771 to 1777 and then established his own London Botanic Garden at Lambeth in 1779. He was the author of Flora Londinensis in 6 vols., a work that was published over the period 1777-1798 and was devoted to urban nature. The genus Curtisia was published in 1789 by William Aiton. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names; Wikipedia)
(Ch)
Cusson
  Cussonia
Pierre Cusson (1727-1783), French physician, botanist, mathematician and professor at the University of Montpellier, an authority on the carrot family. He had travelled extensively throughout Majorca, Spain and the Pyrenees, and amassed an excellent collection of specimens, which were regrettably disposed of by an elderly female relative with whom he lived who cleaned his study in his absence. The genus Cussonia in the Araliaceae was published by Swedish botanist Carl Peter Thunberg in 1780. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ch)
Cusson
  Cussonia
Pierre Cusson (1727-1783), French physician, botanist, mathematician and professor at the University of Montpellier, an authority on the carrot family. He had travelled extensively throughout Majorca, Spain and the Pyrenees, and amassed an excellent collection of specimens, which were regrettably disposed of by an elderly female relative with whom he lived who cleaned his study in his absence. The genus Cussonia in the Araliaceae was published by Swedish botanist Carl Peter Thunberg in 1780. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ch)
Cyclops
  Cyclopia
Hesiod mentions three Cyclopses, Brontes, Steropes, and Arges. They were giants and Vulcan’s workmen. Their name means ‘round eye’, and they were so-called because they had but one eye, and that placed in the middle of the forehead. They made thunderbolts and had their workshop under Mount Ætna, from which the smoke and flames of their furnaces were constantly issuing. Cyclopia: presumably after the mythological one-eyed Cyclops mentioned in literature by Hesiod, Homer, Virgil and Euripides. The genus Cyclopia in the Fabaceae was published in the year of his death, 1808, by French botanist Étienne Pierre Ventenat. (CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names)
(Ls, Bu, Ch)
Cyparissa
Cyparissa, whose name is simply the feminine of 'cypress', is said in somewhat obscure legend to have been the daughter of a 'King of the Celts', names Boreas (thus having the same name as the North Wind), who came from Thrace. This Boreas lost his daughter, who died young, and mourned her very deeply. He built a tomb for her, on which he planted a cypress, a species unknown at that time; in this way, the cypress came to be regarded as a tree sacred to the dead, and it took its name from that of the young girl.
(PG)